Interview with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist)
We are publishing an interview with the Communist Party of India (Maoist), which is said to have been made in writing.
Interviewer's Note: Below is an interview I am honored to perform and publish with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), one of the most powerful, successful, dynamic, most popular and most feared communist parties on the planet. Indeed, the people's war led by the CPI (Maoist) in India is as important as the Great October Socialist Revolution that took place in Russia in the 1910s and 20s under the leadership of Comrade Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Both I and the interviewer have tried our best to ask and answer any basic questions you and others in the International Communist Movement may have about the Indian Revolution.
Meeting of revolutionary fighters and revolutionary masses in southern Chhattisgarh is a portrait of Chairman Mao.
Question- What mode of production does your party think India is in; semi-feudal and semi-colonial or industrial capitalist?
Reply- Revolutionary Communists led by Comrade CM [Charu Mazumdar] and Comrade KC [Kanhai Chatterjee] concretely analyzed the existing class contradictions after examining the economic, political, social, cultural and geographical conditions of India in the light of MLM. They affirmed that India is a semi-colonial, semi-feudal society and the road to revolution will be the Prolonged People's War, first to realize the New Democratic Revolution stage and then to progress to the Socialism stage. Our United CPI (Maoist) organization
implements this political-military line.
In an environment of wide-ranging debates among Marxists, revisionists, neo-revisionists, bourgeois intellectuals and NGOs about whether our country is a capitalist society or a semi-colonial, semi-feudal society, the Production Relations of our party has been conducted in various states since 2011. Analyzing and synthesizing the reports of its studies, MK published a detailed document on 'Changes in Production Relations-Our Political Program' after its Sixth Meeting in December 2020. The document argued that our country was still a semi-colonial, semi-feudal society. However, it was also noted that there were significant distorted capitalist shifts in favor of imperialists, comprador bureaucratic capitalists and landlords. We have adopted our political program to adopt appropriate tactics. You must have seen the document.
Before the British attack, our country was a feudal society. After the British invaded India, the country turned into a colonial country. In fact, when the British took over India, in some parts of the country capitalism was developing from the womb of feudal society. During this time, the Parsis in Mumbai, the Banias in Gujarat, and the Marwaris in Rajasthan worked as agents to invade India. The Indian big bourgeois class did not fight against British imperialism by its nature, but gave its full support during the war days and at other times. By collaborating with the feudal kings, Zamindars, usurers and merchants of India, the British prevented the independent development of capitalism based on the feudal social base in the country. They brought a culture that served British imperialism. They brought distorted capitalist relations for their own benefit. Many of the country's former independent major merchants and bankers went bankrupt. Similarly, the British made various changes in feudalism due to their colonial administrations. They revived the weakening feudal relations. They destroyed the self-sufficient rural economic order in India. This bankrupted the peasantry and artisans. Their productive forces were greatly destroyed. The domestic market has regressed further. They brought the permanent method of tax collection, the ryotwari, mahal wari and zamindari methods, and made the land a commodity. Thus, farmers lost their traditional land rights. India became the production center of the raw materials and industrial goods necessary for the industrial production of the British. They developed several industries, commercial products, plantations, transport and communications just for the needs of the British. The comprador big bourgeois class emerged from the feudal Kings, Zamindars, Divans, comprador merchants and lender classes who helped the British. This class played an important role in the British plundering our country's natural resources. The new Zamindar-feudal class developed in place of the old zamindars. The Indian economy has become an integral part of the world capitalist system at the colonial and dependent levels. While the Indian comprador bourgeoisie was dependent on imperialism for its existence and development, it became an instrument of colonial exploitation and oppression. Thus, Indian feudal society became a colonial, semi-feudal society. The British turned the country into a colony for two centuries and continued their exploitation.
Contrary to the myths spread by the genocidal defenders of the British Empire, colonialism brought no overall benefit or progress to the people of India, only misery.
The great defeat of the fascist forces by the Red Army of the Soviet Union and the peoples of the world under the leadership of the great Marxist teacher Stalin during the Second World War and the significant weakening of imperialism after the war, the establishment of people's democratic states in the countries of Eastern Europe; the extreme success of the Mao-led Chinese Revolution; the emergence of the world socialist system in a third of the world; The imperialists faced a difficult situation due to the development of independent/national liberation movements all over the world. Thus, they replaced previous direct colonial administrations and forms of exploitation and adopted a new form of exploitation, a new colonial form based on compradors they had cultivated and involving a new form of indirect rule, exploitation and hegemony.
There was also a unique revolutionary situation in the Indian subcontinent during this period. There was a strong movement throughout the country for the release of the prisoners of the 'Azad Hindu Phouz' (Azad Hind Fauj: movement to ensure India's full independence from British rule during the Second World War); -effective anti-imperialist demonstrations by students; the Tebhaga and Bakast movements, the strike of postal and telegraph workers, as well as the powerful anti-feudal movements in the principality provinces; the great revolt of the Royal Indian Navy in Bombay and insurgent tendencies in the Army and Air Force; riot of Bihar police; Struggles for solidarity with the proletariat, the beginning of the historic peasant armed struggle in Telangana - all this almost ended imperialist rule in India. In such a situation, the Indian comprador big bourgeois class collaborated with the feudal class and betrayed the Indian democratic revolution. Relying on the leaders of the Congress and the Muslim League, who were their reliable representatives, the British imperialists plotted, incited them to religious massacres, and divided the country on the basis of religion.
Against this background, an agreement was made for the transfer of power on August 15, 1947. This happened only after the agreements between the imperialist monopoly capitalists and the Indian comprador bourgeoisie, such as the Bombay plan. In short, the British imperialists went behind the scenes by handing over power to their reliable representatives, the Congress Party and the Muslim League, which represented the comprador big capitalist and big landlord classes. That is why the comprador ruling classes do not spoil the semi-feudal relations in the country. After 1947, our country came under the economic and political control of first Britain, then America, then Soviet imperialism and again America. As a result of the economic and political hegemony of various imperialist countries over our country, Indian society has turned into a semi-colonial, semi-feudal order under the indirect domination, exploitation and hegemony of various imperialist powers. That's why we say that India did not gain real independence on August 15, 1947, that it was false in name and in substance. Colonial exploitation and oppression have changed form, but their essence has been preserved. The goal of national democratic revolution and national liberation could not be achieved due to the betrayal of the Congress Party and the Muslim League. The CPI not only hung on the tail of the Congress party, but also withdrew the great Telangana armed struggle and betrayed the revolution.
After 1947, the Indian comprador big bourgeois and landlord classes used state power and made the highest profits through excessive exploitation and oppression on the people. The comprador big bourgeoisie thus turned into the comprador bureaucratic big bourgeoisie.
The mixed economy adopted after the 1944 Bombay plan and the transfer of power is actually in the interest of the imperialists, the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois and landlord classes. The plan includes the public and private sectors. But in fact the main purpose of the public sector industries is to use the people's money on a large scale, to build heavy iron and steel industries, thermal electricity projects, coal, iron mining and large dams, to provide opportunities for the imperialists, comprador bourgeois and landlord classes to develop on their basis, to depend on imperialist capital and technology to build and to allow their exploitation.
In the 1947 years since 75, various agricultural, industrial, service sector policies, fake reforms, Five-Year Plans, green revolution and the like have been implemented in the interests of the imperialists and the exploiting ruling classes. Later, LPG policies (meaning Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization) were put into practice. Deinvestment, deindustrialization and deregulation began to be implemented. Under the name of deinvestment, public sector enterprises were transferred to the imperialists and comprador capitalists at very cheap prices. Thus, the unorganized sector and the private sector became the main trend. Labor exploitation intensified. Rights gained through struggle were trampled underfoot. Wage contract methods became the basic form for workers. The ongoing semi-colonial relations are the cause of these difficulties and misery.
The green revolution strategy that started to be implemented in the second half of the 1960s was actually the program of the US Multinational Corporations. The green revolution was implemented in Punjab, Haryana and other parts of Western Uttar Pradesh, and later in a third of the country as an alternative to the armed peasant revolts that spread as far as Srikakulam, Mushahari, Lakhimpur-Kheri, Debra-Gopivallabhapur, Bheerbhum to address food shortages. , Kanksa, Budbud and various regions of 10 states, it was aimed to create a market in rural areas in need of products such as agricultural machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides and HYV seeds of Multinational Companies (higher yield seeds, etc.).
Comprador governments developed distorted capitalist relations in a semi-feudal rural economy, providing landlords and rich farmers with heavy subsidies, cheap loans and irrigation through dams, without fundamentally transforming land relations. The 'Green Revolution' only benefited the imperialist Multinational Corporations, comprador capitalists, landlords and a section of the rich peasantry. It devastated the poor and middle class farmers and the land. Farmers have largely abandoned the land. Some of the negative consequences of the 'green revolution' are increased productivity, decreased crop rates, increased inequality between the rich and poor, increased unemployment, increased inequality between regions, increased environmental pollution, decreased soil fertility, and crops being vulnerable to serious diseases that are not helped by pesticides. Finally, these pesticides have caused farmers to commit suicide.
The “Green Revolution” has only benefited the imperialist Multinational Corporations, comprador capitalists, landlords and a section of the wealthy peasantry. It devastated the poor and middle class farmers and their lands.
Prior to the implementation of LPG policies, Soviet Social imperialism established hegemony over India's public sector economy in the name of aid from the late 1960s. This situation gradually decreased from the 1980s onwards. With the growth of the public sector in the 1970s, the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois class also grew to take advantage of it.
In order to fulfill the interests of the imperialists and as a part of the interests of the Indian comprador ruling classes, the policies of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization were implemented in the first phase from 1985 to 1991. The second phase has been going on since 1991.
After the Soviet Union entered an intense economic crisis in 1985 and India's dependency began to decrease, the US-supported New Economic Policies began to be implemented in India. In the first phase of LPG, the private company sector obtained various tax subsidies. The properties of the comprador big bourgeoisie have multiplied.
With the commercialization of agriculture, globalization started with contract farming in the first stage in line with the plans of the imperialists and spread to many areas. Companies gained full control over agriculture on contracted lands. At this stage, imperialism created 7 intense crises that devastated the oppressed nations and peoples living on planet earth. These are -economic crisis, employment crisis, environmental-ecological crisis, forced migration crisis, fuel crisis, socio-cultural crisis, political-military crisis. Since imperialism could not solve these crises, it took refuge in fascism. Racism has grown all over the world. Fascist parties got stronger. They came to power in many countries. As part of this, Hindutva Fascist forces came to power in India led by Modi. As a result of the pro-imperialist and pro-comprador policies of the ruling classes of the Modi government, dependency and neo-colonialism have intensified in our country. Alongside the working class, peasantry and other laboring classes, the imperialist comprador bureaucratic capitalist intensified exploitation on small and medium-sized capitalists and merchants to fulfill feudal interests. Total foreign partnership especially in domestic industries, allowing the control of imperialist MNCs and dependence on foreign technology have made the country even more dependent on the economy, industry, mining, agriculture, service sector policies that have been considered as part of the implementation of LPG policies at various times. Domestic and foreign companies loot labor power, products, services and especially raw materials in industries dependent on exports and imports, primarily subcontracted industries and agricultural companies. Public-Private Partnership is being expanded and implemented.
During this time, the slavery of comprador governments to imperialism reached its peak. They gave every opportunity to plunder the country's land, labor, raw materials and other natural resources. They surrender the economic, political, military and cultural sectors to imperialism. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises – The MSME industry is getting smaller day by day. Comprador governments are destroying this industry's independent market. There is a serious decrease in the growth rate of this sector. Demonetization and GST led to the closure of 4,86,291 Micro, Small and Medium sized industries across the country. Hundreds of thousands of workers are unemployed.
Due to LPG policies, our country is falling even more into the clutches of foreign loans. Modi's bankrupt administration has resulted in foreign loans reaching 135 billion rupees over the past eight years. India ranks 5th among the countries receiving the most loans. While the share of agriculture and industry sectors, which provide employment for 70 percent of the economy, in GDP is decreasing, the share of the service sector, which provides employment for only 30 percent of the economy, is increasing. The fact that the leading 100 companies of the USA have taken over half of our country's economy is enough to understand the joint attack of international monopolistic enterprises and domestic comprador bureaucratic bourgeois corporate enterprises. During this period, prominent comprador bureaucratic monopoly capitalists such as Mukesh Ambani, Adani, Mittal, Birla, TATA, Ruyiaya, Jindal, Vedanta, Infosys, ESSAR, Anil Ambani, TVS Iyyengar, Thapar, RPG, Bajaj, Mahindra and Pathanjali Ramdev rose greatly.
A new wealthy class and new forms of exploitation emerged in the country. Vital sectors such as mining, heavy industry and tourism, and the most profitable telecom, energy and finance sectors are in the public sector. For this reason, aggressive and rapid plans are being implemented to liquidate them and transfer them to foreign companies. Special incentives and facilities are provided for the privatization of each sector with a special policy. Public sector enterprises are pushed to loss in a planned manner and fall into the hands of corporate enterprises at very cheap prices. The increase in high-tech machinery, the use of technology and outsourcing has deprived hundreds of thousands of workers and employees of their livelihoods. The public sector declined and the private sector became the main one. Domestic and foreign corporate companies generated a revenue of Rupees 2014 million in the period of 18-17,5. The imperialists take about 47,09 billion from the country every year. It is not possible for a country that is exposed to such intense exploitation to develop.
Due to the significant changes that took place in semi-feudalism during this period, a new form of broad collective cooperation of governmental and non-governmental 'party-cooperative union-panchayat-polis' systems emerged, replacing previous forms of feudal hegemony. The cooperative bank is an important structural form of cooperation between bureaucratic capitalism and semi-feudalism. The cooperative capital of these cooperative banks is a combination of surplus investment of imperialists, comprador bureaucratic capitalists and local semi-feudal elements. Through them, a new system of local hegemony and exploitation emerged on the basis of state property/funds.
According to the 2017 statistics of NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development), the number of landlords in rural areas is 5,76 percent. Although the number of landlords and the extent of large landholdings have decreased, feudal hegemony continues in the economic, social and political sectors. This is a change in form, not in substance. Another important development in the era of globalization is the purchase of hundreds of thousands of acres of arable forest lands by farmers and tribes. MNCs, comprador bureaucratic big bourgeoisie, NGOs, religious organizations, stockbrokers and various mafias seize state lands and arable land of farmers. Farmers' lands and forest lands are allocated to non-agricultural projects. Nearly four million acres of land were forcibly purchased by exploitative comprador governments, who displaced six and a half million people between 1951 and 2010. Compensation and rehabilitation are nominal. The problem of the displaced has become the main factor in the land problem.
On the other hand, the Indian market has been widely opened to agricultural imports. Investments in the agricultural sector have reached an even worse level. The food safety policy was liquidated. The public distribution system was weakened. The public sector procurement policy has been privatised. The Minimum Support Price is not at least twice the expenditure on product production. In imperialist countries, agricultural products produced in excess and cheaply with high subsidies are poured into the domestic market. Due to all these and other factors, the agricultural sector has entered a serious crisis. In a word, inequalities between the rich and the poor have been maximized due to globalization.
Compared to capitalist/imperialist countries, product productivity in our country is very low. There is a steady increase in petty landed property. The production of ordinary products remains the main trend even now. This is an important criterion for semi-feudal relations and the backward semi-feudal mode of production. Although there has been an increase in wage labor and the number of waged agricultural workers and semi-proletarians in agriculture and the agricultural sectors, there is a great difference between their wages and the wages of the modern proletariat in industry. This change did not reduce semi-feudal exploitation in the slightest.
Most of the surplus created in agriculture is under the bureaucratic hegemony of banks/cooperative unions, shahukars, and various financial institutions. This prevents capital accumulation. The capitalist reproduction condition is nowhere to be found. Semi-feudal relations are an obstacle to the top-down development of capitalism. The usurer and commercial capital confiscate the agricultural products/goods of the farmers, but not the production process. This process binds the farmers in semi-feudal relations. It controls their labor force and does not turn them into workers. Nor does it allow them to turn into capitalists.
The employment contract between the hegemonic caste landlord and the Dalit landless worker is semi-feudal in nature. It is also a basis for economic and non-economic exploitation and oppression. Brahmanic caste-based feudalism and caste-class oppression are still alive and prevalent in rural areas. The caste hierarchical system is an integral part of semi-feudal relations. Most people are dependent on back-production relations, which act as a chain in the development of productive forces. This situation keeps the majority of the population in absolute poverty and misery. It reduces their purchasing power, thus limiting the development of the domestic market. Oppression, persecution, discrimination, impunity, social boycott, direct violence, massacres, live burnings, sexual persecution of women, burning of houses, exploitation of property, destruction on oppressed Dalit castes and tribal peoples are still commonplace.
As a result of the policies implemented by the Comprador sovereigns since they handed over power in 1947 and the globalization policies implemented since 1991, as a result of the anti-feudal class struggles and anti-imperialist, anti-government movements led by our party for the last fifty years, in various states where the revolutionary movement under the leadership of our Party continues. / regions are experiencing significant changes. Distorted capitalist relations in production are becoming widespread. Former landlords shifted their properties and investments to city areas. Peasant Revolutionary Committees/Ryot Coolie Sangams, People's Revolutionary Committees (RPC) have been built and consolidated, and the class struggle is spreading. This situation has led to significant changes in the class composition of the villages. Non-agricultural rural hierarchies were established and land was mainly concentrated in their hands. New methods of exploitation emerged. As a result of all these, semi-feudal relations weakened relatively. Forest lands and surplus lands of non-tribal landlords and bad gentry were confiscated in the tribal areas where the revolutionary movement was strong. The exploitation and oppression of the government, forest and revenue departments, moneylenders and market traders was ended. The wage-worker system was greatly reduced. Struggles are rising against imperialists, public-private investments, the state and its compradors.
Looking at the changes in the last seventy years, it is undoubted that the Indian economy is not at all capitalist or is not on the way to becoming capitalist, that there is no such democratic tendency in the country, and that semi-feudal relations are relatively weak. The land problem is the main problem and land reform on the basis of giving the land to the cultivator is still important and valid in large rural areas.
Semi-feudalism is a system in which capitalist relations at various levels have developed in the womb of the feudal system, but these have not yet been transformed into fundamentally independent capitalist relations at a comprehensive level, so semi-feudal relations continue. These capitalist relations, which develop at various levels, are noteworthy, but they are only quantitative. There is no qualitative change in the relations of production. There is no fundamental change in the nature of the Indian revolution or in the friendly and enemy classes of the revolution. No matter how much capitalist change has taken place in India's semi-colonial, semi-feudal economy due to the imperialist economy, it is all in the interest of the imperialists, comprador big bourgeois and feudal classes. It has no chance of turning into an independent capitalist country.
When we observe these changes, we believe that these changes will not fundamentally affect our ordinary political line and the way of the Long-Term People's War followed to achieve this political line, based on the changes experienced by our party in the era of imperialism all over the world, especially during the neo-colonial period, and the social changes that took place in our country until the great revolutionary move of Naxalbari. It makes clear that the document it adopted, enriched at the Congress of the Union-Ninth Congress, and furthermore, will make the implementation of our path even more difficult. Therefore, it makes clear that we must creatively apply our politico-military line according to the social changes taking place in the country, draw lessons from the experiences of social revolution, and adopt our strategic plans so that our politico-military tactics will fulfill their duties according to these changes. According to these changes, it is possible to defeat enemy classes by uniting all friendly classes and isolating common enemies.
For this purpose, in order to establish the New Democratic society with the aim of establishing Socialism-Communism by fulfilling the unfinished tasks of the National democratic revolution in India, imperialism, which oppresses the Indian people by destroying the outdated semi-colonial, semi-feudal system in the country, exploitation and oppression of the comprador bureaucratic bourgeois and feudal classes. and tyranny, we must destroy the three mountains. The only way for this is the New Democratic Revolution on the axis of the Agricultural Revolution on the basis of giving the land to the farmer. Only with this revolution can India get rid of the exploitation of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic comprador big capital.
Due to the salient characteristics of the Revolutionary war in India, the military strategy would be the Protracted People's War. This means, as Comrade Mao said, establishing revolutionary base areas in the countryside where the enemy is relatively weak, and gradually besieging and then capturing cities that are strongholds for enemy forces.
Confiscation of landlords' lands without compensation on the basis of 'the tiller' and redistribution of landlords' lands to agricultural laborers, poor farmers and lower middle class farmers; occupy agricultural properties and plantations of imperialist MNCs, capitalist landlords, comprador bureaucratic capitalists and state institutions; we can fulfill national liberation and democratic revolutionary tasks such as nationalizing by revolutionary people's governments; To industrialize the country on the basis of 'agricultural and industry-leading', 'two-legged' policies; promoting and developing the cooperative agriculture movement and agricultural cooperative unions; expropriating imperialist enterprises, companies, comprador bureaucratic bourgeois companies and state lands; it is possible to confiscate their properties and banks, cancel domestic and foreign loans and unequal deals, and eradicate unemployment only through the New Democratic Revolution.
Q – Many of the areas where your party and HKGO operate are very rich in biodiversity, rare and important plants and wildlife. What is the party's attitude towards the protection of these areas and, more broadly, the capitalist-imperialist destruction of the environment?
C - The fields of the revolutionary movement led by our party are rich in biodiversity. Countless trees, green forests and ever-flowing rivers, herbs, forest animals, various bird species, mammals, insects, rivers, aquatic animals, amphibians, hundreds of fish, dozens of small forest products that can be obtained from forests, various roots, fruits, fruiting bushes and trees, thousands of varieties of rice grains, legumes, oil seeds preserved by traditional methods are abundant. There has long been a great danger to this precious, magnificent, unique, balanced natural biodiversity from the imperialists, the comprador bureaucratic capitalists. This biodiversity and environment is facing destruction due to the anti-popular, imperialist-supported policies of the exploiting ruling classes. The destruction of nature for the profits of a few domestic and foreign big exploiters should not be allowed. The natural balance must be preserved, the environment must be protected, and natural wealth and resources must be used in a balanced way to improve human living conditions. The protection of the environment and natural balance and the improvement of human living conditions are interconnected. We must constantly fight against the destruction of resources by capitalist imperialism. The New Democratic Revolution will form the basis for a permanent solution to this problem.
Kanha Tiger Reserve has been under the control of HKGO since 2022.
These are just a few examples of how imperialist MNCs are destroying our country's biodiversity. Dr. Richaria collected more than 1950 rice grains and more than 60 leafy vegetables from thousands of farmers in hundreds of villages in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh in the 22.000s and 1800s, and their germplasm was collected from what is now the capital city of Chhattisgarh. Preserved at Indira Gandhi National Agricultural University in Raipur. Among them, those that grow with little water, those that give little grass, those that give more grass, those that emit good smell, those that are tall, those that are short, those that grow in all seasons, etc. there is. However, the germplasm of these rice grains was stolen by the MNCs of the USA and similar countries with the cooperation of our country's comprador managers. MNCs claim to have developed these grains at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Manila and sell them to India and other countries under names such as IR36, IR-72. They force farmers to depend on MNCs for seed every year.
The true story behind the development and preservation of thousands of varieties of seeds, representing a great historical experience, is very interesting. The world should know this. Villagers of Chhattisgarh hold a festival called Akti. On that day, all young people steal Kolatam and demand paddy from every house. They plant the crop collected from the whole village in a common land. Naturally, new types of seeds appear during the growth process of the crop. They collect and plant these crops separately. Thus, seeds with new characteristics appeared in each village every year. Thus, every village became an agricultural laboratory and every farmer an agronomist, and thousands of rice seeds developed. Rice seeds of this variety developed in the country were stolen and owned by MNCs with the support of comprador governments. Hundreds of varieties of local rice seeds, legumes, roots, leafy vegetables, vegetables, fruit seeds and the like are still available in the inner tribal areas. It is necessary to protect and preserve them from falling into the hands of corporate companies. This is needed.
In 1990, Syngenta, also a MNC, tried to steal the germplasm of various seed species in collaboration with management, a patriotic Professor attempted to uncover the issue. Democrats, Mass Organizations and Trade Unions entered the struggle and the attempt was stopped.
Hundreds of thousands of acres of forest, forest land and river areas are being destroyed by heavy mining projects, mega-industrial projects and massive dams, as the imperialists and their representatives, the comprador bureaucratic capitalists, indiscriminately exploit resources for their profit. Trees, creatures and animals are going extinct. Sound, groundwater, surface water and air pollution are intensifying. Environmental damage continues. Rich biodiversity is disappearing. Many small rivers and canals as well as major rivers are polluted due to mining in the country. The waters of these rivers and canals are not suitable for agriculture. The water is too polluted to be used for washing, let alone drinking. Almost all of the rivers flowing near the mines are polluted. Aquatic creatures and bird species are endangered. People experience serious health problems as well as various skin diseases.
Heavy mining, drilling, explosions, freight trains, trucks (trucks) and heavy sounds of machinery and machinery used for the transport of mineral resources cause intense noise pollution. One estimation is that for 5 tons of iron, one tonne of explosives must be used. In several places the sound of a mine explosion can be heard up to 150 km away. This causes cracks in the walls of the homes of people living in towns and villages near coal mines, iron ore mines, bauxite mines. Shootings and shelling from the shooting ranges of various government forces injure people's ears. Noise pollution and explosions cause heart disease, blood pressure, deafness and premature births.
Shooting ranges have been built near residential areas. People are injured due to the fire and shelling from these polygons. Their properties are destroyed. In Jharkhand, the public struggled and stopped several shooting ranges. Movements against field shooting ranges continue in many states.
Gases from mining explosions, toxic gases from heavy industry, and pollution from blast furnaces all intensify air pollution day by day.
Capitalist imperialism strives to gain more profit from its industries, but does not make the necessary arrangements to prevent any accidents from occurring. Tens and thousands of people lost their lives in various industrial accidents and negligence in underground coal mines. Hundreds of thousands of people suffer from severe physical and mental illnesses. For example, the 1984 accident of Union Carbide, a US MNC, in Bhopal reveals the situation. More than two thousand five hundred people lost their lives due to Methyl Iso Cyanide leakage. Thousands of people also fell ill. Warren Anderson, the factory manager responsible for such a grave accident, was sent to the USA by plane, respectfully and under heavy security, by government officials. This is the model of the ruling classes' enslavement to imperialism.
In 1984, the practices of the US MNC Union Carbide caused the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, pictured here, that killed more than 3000 people and injured hundreds of thousands.
In May 2020, 12 people died due to a gas leak at LG Polymers, a South Korean MNC in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Hundreds of people got sick. Thousands of birds became extinct. There are many examples like this.
The exploitative governments of India, who saw with their own eyes the terrible accidents that took place in the nuclear projects in Russia and Japan, are driving the people to death by buying outmoded ones from the imperialists.
No one can forget the tragic story of the villages drowned by the dam on the Narmada River. Built on the Godavari River, the Polavaram dam has flooded 250 villages and hundreds of thousands of acres of forest and farmland in four states. This is valid for each heavy dam. Ecology, biodiversity, natural wealth, resources, soil and water resources, environment and people's livelihoods are being destroyed by heavy mining, dam and industrial construction. Rainwater is stored in layers of mineral resources, primarily bauxite mines, and flows slowly into streams and rivers throughout the year. These streams and rivers are the lifeline for tribal and non-tribal peoples living in forested areas. The exploration of these minerals has resulted in a drastic reduction of the water level in these rivers and underground. Polluted water from mines and industries, and water from bathrooms and toilets in these areas, contaminates all river water.
According to one estimate, the production of one ton of iron requires 44 tons, and the production of one ton of aluminum requires 1378 tons of water. We can easily understand how much water is consumed for the extraction and production of the mines and the extent of the pollution.
Normally, hills-hills, forests, especially high and wide mountain ranges and large dense forests are an important factor in monsoon rains. For example, the Raoghat hills of Bastar are very suitable for monsoons. Mining in this area is adversely affected by the monsoon and environmentalists say that this will result in reduced rains not only in Bastar but also in Southern Chhattisgarh, and these hills are very important for the environmental balance in the country. Also, TATA, Adani and the like are very eager to explore these mines. The central government and state governments are also laying the groundwork to facilitate this.
The increase in global warming has long caused extreme heat, famines, untimely rains and similar natural disasters. It is estimated that the sea level will rise by 27 cm due to global warming.
Electronic items that emit more radiation than approved are increasingly being produced. This leads to unimaginable diseases. People's health is seriously deteriorating. Multinational companies also take advantage of this situation to make a profit. They are spreading the health sector and exploiting people through specialty hospitals. They are plundering public money in the name of various public health programs with the support of exploitative governments.
On the other hand, governments establish tourism centers in forest areas. These are centers of luxury for the wealthy classes. Here, the culture, traditions, songs and dances of the local tribal people are made into a commodity. Bad culture is brought from elsewhere. The democratic culture of the people is affected. Body trade is encouraged. Diseases like AIDS can spread inland and to anyone who visits these tourist destinations. Therefore, our party strongly opposes the establishment of such tourism centers. Capitalist imperialism oppresses the workers, workers and people to the bone. It constantly puts pressure on them and unleashes intensive labor exploitation. It has extremely narrowed human life and forces people to visit certain places once a year at the weekend or at the end of the month. This whole situation needs to be changed.
Political leaders, major contractors, lumber mafia, mining mafia, forestry and police officers collaboratively smuggle timber from National Parks, Reserve Parks on a large scale. Hasdeo forest and other green forests are randomly cut down for industrial purposes. Forest animals are hunted in a big way with the help of forest and police officers.
On the other hand, the central and state governments are chasing tribal and farming people in the name of parks, tiger reserves, reserve forests and wildlife sanctuaries. They trample the tribal people's right to life. Anti-development governments and imperialist-backed NGOs are making black propaganda that the tribal people are a danger to the protection of forests and wild animals. This is absolutely not true. In fact, the tribal people who have lived in the forests for generations are the guardians and guardians of the forests, biodiversity and the environment. Tribal people are children of the forests. They are intertwined with the forest. Their lives and livelihoods are intertwined with the forest. Forests and forest animals survive thanks to them and their struggles. But now it is necessary to consider how they will protect forests, the environment and biodiversity when they are displaced. This is not just a tribal problem. It concerns the existence of the entire human race. Therefore, the people of the country and foreign countries must fight against all plans such as pro-imperialist, pro-comprador bureaucratic capitalists and pro-feudal-class development models, heavy mining, industries, and the construction of dams that displace the tribal people. Anyone who harms the environment should be chased out of the forest. Be prepared to retaliate with the people and to retaliate with weapons available. We must develop this too. Under the leadership of our party, we call on the youth to join the HKGO and the intensified-expanded people's war/guerrilla war in the fields of revolutionary movement and in every corner of the country, and come forward to join hands with the people.
Imperialists, comprador bureaucratic capitalists and landlords are doing serious damage to the environment for their profits. They cause noise, water and air pollution. The bureaucratic Modi government at the center recently changed the laws allowing action against such persons against the interests of workers, peasants, middle class and tribal people and the country, and in the interests of comprador bureaucratic capitalists and imperialist MNCs. All amendments to the Environment (Conservation) Act 1986, Water (Pollution prevention and control) Act 1974, Air (pollution prevention, air control) Act 1981 are aimed at protecting imperialists, comprador capitalists and landlords who violate these Laws. These changes leave the capitalists who cause environmental, water and air pollution with impunity. There is only a nominal fine. But even before the changes, no capitalist was sent to prison. While these Laws provide a basis for people's struggles, current amendments give capitalists arbitrary powers.
They will continue to destroy the environment. The environment will go into more crisis. Our party calls on the people of the country and popular organizations to fight against the pro-capitalist changes in these laws.
Our party is committed to the protection of biodiversity and the environment, including forests and all kinds of plant species. HKGO, Mass Organizations and DHK's are working with the people under the leadership of our party for this. They raise public awareness. The Forest Conservation Department of our people's governments is particularly focused on this issue. We oppose any public or private scheme that displaces people and harms the environment and biodiversity. We call on environmentalists, biologists, scientists, democrats, civil rights organizations, social organizations and tribal social organizations to work with us on this issue. We think that we need to build strong movements across the country for the protection of the environment and biodiversity and fight to meet various demands. On the other hand, we want to say that the New Democratic India, which will be established by realizing the New Democratic Revolution on the path of Protracted People's War, will ensure the protection of forest, environment and biodiversity.
Q – Similarly, many of the regions where your Party and HKGO operate are rich in natural resources such as coal and bauxite. These resources are sought after by large multinational capitalist companies invited by the fascist former Indian state to steal resources for them, and many people are forcibly evicted from their homes to allow these companies access to resources. Could you give more details about the imperialism practices in India and how the CPI (Maoist) and HKGO resisted this imperialism?
C - Our country is not a poor country, but a country of poor people… There are green forests in our country. There are constantly flowing rivers, fertile arable land, invaluable, abundant mineral resources. Besides these, there are millions of laboring workers and farmers. There are dozens of public and private sector employees, hundreds of thousands of educated and intellectual workers and dozens of young people in the country. 700 kinds of indigenous, tribal people make up 8,5 percent of the population. However, the majority of the people of the country suffer from hunger, ignorance, superstitions, poor health, unemployment, poverty and similar problems. They fight in various forms for solving basic livelihood problems and for democratic rights. Natural wealth, resources, abundant labor power and local technology are not used in the interests of the people of the country, the initiative and activity of the broad masses is not discovered, their democratic rights are suppressed in line with the interests of a few comprador bureaucratic capitalists, landlords and imperialist MNCs.
To be more specific, there are abundant natural wealth and mineral resources not only in the forests and semi-woodlands of the indigenous, tribal and non-tribal peoples of the country, but also in the areas of revolutionary movement, Party, HKGO, Mass Organizations and in some areas West Bung, Odisha Areas where DHKs operate, such as the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka (Western Ghats). India produces 90 types of minerals such as iron, coal, bauxite, mica, manganese, silver, gold, limestone, granite, aluminum, copper and cement. Diamond purchase continues as a major trade. India is one of the 5 largest producers of important minerals. 25 percent of India's mineral resources are located in Jharkhand. 70 percent of bauxite resources and 28 percent of iron ore resources are in Odisha. There are coal and bauxite mines in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Iron, mica, gold, diamonds, coal, uranium, bauxite, corundum, dolomite and cassiterite are abundant in the Bastar and Sarguja districts of Chhattisgarh. There are 9 million tons of iron ore in the Surjagarh hills of Maharashtra. Nearly all states have a variety of mineral resources in both forest and plain areas. The exploitation of these resources began and spread from the time the British invaded India. The British declared their authority over forests, mines, land and water resources through various laws (such as the Indian Forest Act of 1867, the Forest Act of 1878, the Land Acquisition Act of 1894, the Indian Forest Act of 1927). The plundering of natural resources, intense exploitation and oppression are concentrated in the industrial capital and finance capital phase, where ruthless political authority prevails. Political repressions, including forced cheap labor exploitation, also intensified during this period. The country's agricultural policy was modified according to the needs of the colonialists and their world market. Large forests were cut down for the laying of railway lines. The British imperialists allowed TATA, Birla and other comprador big capitalists of the country to set up industries for their war needs during the First World War and so they joined the plunder. They began large-scale mining of iron ore and coal for the iron and steel industries.
India became a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country after the change of power in 1947 and has been under the indiscriminate exploitation and oppression of various imperialist countries ever since. The Indian feudal, comprador capitalist classes, who have seized state power in collaboration with the imperialists, serve them and apply exploitation and oppression indiscriminately. With the change of political power, the comprador capitalist feudal class of India has turned into a comprador bureaucratic capitalist class. The central and state governments, which represent the exploitative ruling classes of our country, apply their economy, industry, mines, agriculture, education and health policies in favor of the imperialist, comprador bureaucratic capitalist and feudal classes, regardless of which parliamentary party they belong to. They create infrastructure facilities in their favor and follow domestic and foreign policies. They have been implementing LPG policies in all sectors since 1991.
Check out these examples! The Indian government established the National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) in 1958 to deal with the exploration of mineral resources, mining, production, sales, export, establishment of steel industries and so on. This company entered into an agreement with the Japanese Steelworks in 1961 and evacuated 22 tribal villages to set up iron mines at Bailadilla, in the Dantewada district of Bastar division in Chhattisgarh province, in what is now Dandakaranya combat area. No rehabilitation was provided to anyone. Since the start of production in 1968, the iron ore in Bailadilla has been plundered by the imperialists of Japan, China and Korea at an extremely cheap price of Rs 50 to 400 per tonne. ESSAR and other comprador bureaucratic capitalist companies also plunder. You must know that iron ore is worth Rupees 5600 to 10000 per ton on the world market. The iron ore required for Mini Steel Mills and sponge iron industries is not supplied to Chhattisgarh's small and medium capitalists at least at export price. This situation led to the closure of approximately 150 industries and tens of thousands of workers to take to the streets. The mines are spreading further. There are many examples like this.
Built for 'development' and public convenience, the Kirandul-Visakhapatnam Railway line has more than two dozen freight trains moving while only one passenger train. What was the alleged railway line built for? The increase in water and air pollution leads to the danger of disease and extinction of people, cattle, forest animals and fish. Currently, the Dalli-Raoghat-Jagadalpur railway line is being laid under the same development name. Actually, the railway line is for the transport of mines, mineral resources and armed forces located in the Rajnandgaon and Bastar districts of Chhattisgarh.
The government allowed the ESSAR pipeline of a comprador capitalist company to be laid, with a discount of Rupees 80 per ton to supply iron ore by rail, which costs only Rupees 550 per tonne. Iron ore powder is transported by pipelines from Bailadilla to Visakhapatnam. The water resources of Bastar are drained into the Bay of Bengal for this shipment. This situation causes water shortage in Bastar. ESSAR company used 267 meters of land to lay the 20 km long pipeline, but did not pay a single penny for the displaced. It has also cut down thousands of hectares of forest.
Here is another example. The government does not supply the necessary coal produced in Chhattisgarh to the industries of the small and medium capitalists in the province. Moreover, the Modi government has stopped coal supplies since August for the last 6 months on the grounds of the coal crisis. (The head of the Congress Party, who is in opposition in the centre, appealed to the Prime Minister in vain. Hundreds of small and medium-sized industries are in danger of closing. Meanwhile, large comprador capitalists are supplied with coal in large quantities in order to solve the coal crisis, while on the other hand coal from other countries at high prices. This is a treacherous and anti-popular policy of the government.
There is another surprising example. In 1988, the government sold a 23 km section of the Sivnadh river, which runs through the Durg district of Chhattisgarh, to Radias Water Limited. In the terms of the agreement, the responsibility of purchasing water from the company is mentioned. The company has fenced off the area it leases on both sides of the river. The people of many villages on both sides of the river do not benefit from the river waters and are deceived. Who authorized the government to sell the natural river and its waters to private companies? It is interesting to know that the farmer people demolished the fences that impeded their right to use the river.
In the Raigarh district of the same province, comprador bureaucratic capitalist Jindal established his Steel and electrical industries empire. To this end, it displaced ten thousand farmer families from 1990 to 2010. These farmers and agricultural workers became migrant workers. Jindal bought the lands of these villages with the support of the government's revenue office. He also confiscated the pond that the villagers have been using for generations.
Central and state governments are transferring public sector industries to comprador capitalists and MNCs at very cheap prices under the guise of deinvesting as part of LPG policies. Bharat Aluminum Corporation (BALCO), one of the vital public sector industries said to be India's Navaratna (meaning nine precious stones, meaning jewel, diamond) and costing 5000 million, was founded in 2003 by the central BJP (Indian People's Party). It was transferred to the Sterlite company with a 50 percent partnership by the government. In addition, the ladle bauxite mines in Ambikapur were also awarded to Anil Agarwal of the Sterlite company. There are many similar examples from every state across the country.
The exploitation of these resources, which started during the Congress Party's rule, intensified during the BJP rule. Since 1991, when LPG policies began to be fully implemented, central and state governments have concluded hundreds and thousands of Memorandums of Understanding with comprador bureaucratic capitalists and imperialist MNCs for mineral exports, construction of heavy industries, extraction of various minerals and construction of large dams. The central and various state governments hold summits with imperialist, comprador capitalist companies and open the door wide for the exploitation of resources. Forums are held in various imperialist countries to make such agreements.
Since taking power, Modi has been accelerating and intensifying the exploitation of these resources under the names 'Make in India', 'Make in Maharashtra', 'Make in Gujarat' and so on. These 'Make in' festivals are held frequently in all states. Let's look at some examples to understand how this game came to be.
By one estimate, since the change of power, central and state governments have displaced 5 million people in the name of 'development' plans. In Jharkhand, 15 tribal people have been displaced in the last three decades for industry, mines, dams, construction of roads and railway lines. Of these, 40 percent are tribal people, while 25 percent are Dalit people. 75 percent of the displaced are not rehabilitated. Nominal rehabilitation was provided to the remaining 25 percent. Similarly, 40 percent of the land taken from the displaced belongs to the tribal people. Since 2005 Arcelor Mittal, POSCO, Vedanta, Sterlite Industries (Vedanta Resources), Phelps Dodge, ACC Riotento, CRA, De Beers, Anglo-American Exploration, BHP Minerals, Proem Alcon, Norse Hydro, Aston Mining, Lloyd company and so on Imperialist steel and mining companies were granted major permits to explore minerals such as iron, coal, gold, diamonds, bauxite, mica and silver in Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. In addition to these, Indian comprador bureaucratic capitalists and mining companies such as TATA, Jindal, Birla, ESSAR, Adani, Nouka and similar have also issued permits for mining.
This alone allows us to understand how and how much maximum profits corporate companies make. Utkal Alumina Company will mine 8000 acres and will earn Rs 25 million over the next 4500 years at a cost of 2,80,000 million.
Governments have allowed 30 Special Economic Zones (SEZ) across the country until November 2007, 760. This number should have increased by now. Para-military, police forces, Goonda gangs (an Indian type of mafia) and commissioners were deployed for this purpose to forcibly confiscate 20 hectares of land from farmers and tribal people in 2 states. For the Reliance SEZ, Mukesh Ambani displaced 35 people from 2 villages in Navi Mumbai and confiscated 50 acres of land.
Farmland and woodland of farmers and tribal people in various states of the country are bureaucratically extorted for the sake of industrial corridors, coastal corridors, export zones, ports and the like, and as part of infrastructure express highways, superhighways, airports, Sagarmala, (ports and coastal) High-speed trains and the necessary parks for them are being built.
The Modi government allowed comprador capitalist Gautam Adani to build a port, airport, 900 cold stores and 900 multiplex movie theaters. He gave high subsidies to engage in mining. The central and state governments leased two deposits spanning hundreds of thousands of acres in the Hasdeo Aranda coal mines in the Hasdeo forest in the Korba, Sarguja and Surajpur districts. Under the banner of the 'Hasdeo Jungle Bachao' committee, the people are fighting intensely against deforestation by Adani. Precious teak and other species of trees, animals and flowers are on the verge of extinction.
The indigenous masses of the Hasdeo Forest are resisting attempts to destroy the homes of the company of comprador capitalist Gautam Adani, the second richest man in the world at the time of this writing, under the guidance of the Party.
In Odisha, the central and state governments jointly leased 97 hectares of land with 600 mining licenses. But the fact that 46 percent of families in Odisha live below the poverty line shows us that profits from mining go to corporations, political leaders and senior officials, and not to anyone else.
Farmers in Jagatsingpur are resisting government attempts to displace 4 farmers in order to acquire 22 acres of land for the steel mill of South Korean multinational POSCO. The Vedanta Sterlite Company is making serious attempts to extract bauxite from the Niyamgiri hills, which is costing the identity of the Kuvvi tribespeople. For this purpose, he deployed para-military forces to the region and expanded the general security. The tribal peasantry bravely faces this.
In Koraput, Bolangir, Kalahandi and Raigarh regions, domestic and foreign such as Vedanta Resources, Vedanta Aluminum, Sterlite India, Odisha Mining Company, South-West Odisha Mining Company, Hindalco, Birla Group, Utkal Aluminum Industry Limited (UAIL), ALCAN of Canada and NALCO bauxite mining and industries of corporate companies; It displaced thousands of tribal people from the tribes of Kasipur, Gopalpur, Gandamardhan, Jajpur, Kalinganagar, Jagatsingpur, Keonjhar and Serengdaga. This process is still ongoing.
Nuclear power industries, thermal power industries, bauxite mining, industries that are extremely dangerous for human survival, coastal and oil corridors, natural wealth and offshore wealth are handed over to MNCs and comprador capitalists like Adani. Many projects such as Polavaram and Kavvala Kaplan area, Singari Open coal mines are being carried out in Telangana to displace tribal people.
Attempts by the governments of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra to seize hundreds of thousands of acres of cropland and forest lands by the tribal people continue with the support of the armed forces to enforce agreements with MNCs and comprador capitalists. The forests and hills bordering Rajnandgaon, Kanker and Balod counties have abundant iron ore, quartz, quarries, Silica cell, China clay, Limestone, White clay and Uranium.
Although the public strongly opposed these mining activities under the leadership of the party, the ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBPF) is a Central Armed Police Force operating under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.) BSF (Border Security Force-Border Security Forces) camps have been established in large numbers, and few of these projects are carried out under constant attack on the population. With the weakening of popular movements, mining continues in Ahladi, Barbaspur, Ari Dongri, Mahamaya, Pallemadi, Chargaon and other mines.
Various mines in Chhattisgarh are leased to TATA, Jindal, ESSAR, Adani and NECCO Companies, while mines in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra are owned by TATA, ESSAR, Arcelor Mittal, Jindal Steel, Vedanta, Lloyd, Riotento, De Beers, BHP Bil tin and other corporate companies. leased out.
As we have seen, extractive governments hand over the country's natural wealth and mineral resources to imperialist MNCs and domestic comprador bureaucratic capitalist companies. Thus, hectares of cultivated land and forest land are in the hands of domestic and foreign companies. Tribal communities such as Mariah, Koya, Halba, Dhurva, Batra, Koyatur, Koyagal, Korga, Rajgond, Gond, Lohar, Kotadval, Koyyal, Kolam, Pradha, Thoti, Nayakpod, Kondareddy, Kondadora, Bhagatu, Savara, Jatabu, Kuvvi, Kotwal , Koliya, Koyamali, Chenchu, Korval, Horn, Kolha, Kol, Dharu, Kondi, Kondh, Dongaria, Sabara, Komundal, Keriya, Hora, Hokya, Koltal, Kotia, Bil, Bilal, Juvang, Santhal, Munda, Uraov and Ho and non-tribal communities traditionally living in forests such as Gando, Gasiya, Harara, Marr, Panara, Panka, Pradha, Yadav will lose their survival, identity and self-respect. Their language, culture and way of life will disappear.
An important matter needs to be brought to your attention. On the one hand, agreements are made to hand over the riches and natural resources of the country to the imperialists and comprador capitalists, on the other hand, a large number of heavy new laws are passed to suppress the emerging and continuing movements against the implementation of these agreements. More powers were given to the 'UAPA' and the NIA (National Agency of Investigation), and old heavy laws were amended. The Chhattisgarh state government enacted the Chhattisgarh Special Public Safety Act in 2005. Since then, thousands of people have been arrested under this law.
The people, especially the tribal people in all the states and in these parts of the revolutionary movement, are fighting relentlessly against the exploitation of these resources. Tribal people are fighting bravely for their 'jal-jungle-zameen' (water-forest-land) rights, for their right to life, for their existence, identity and self-respect. The party, HKGO and DHKs support the struggling people. The party directly and indirectly leads the struggles of these people. It guides these struggles. In some places, people are embarking on the struggle under the influence of class struggle and people's war, inspired by and led by the party, HKGO and DHKs. Hundreds of thousands of people in the country participate in these popular struggles. Earlier the Salva Judum, Sendra and other repressive campaigns and later Operation Green Hunt were done to eliminate the leadership of these struggles and suppress them, thus facilitating the path of exploitation of resources and labor, market control and political hegemony. These campaigns also aim at the complete elimination of the Party, HKGO and DHKs, organs of the people's state power that have emerged as a beacon of hope for the oppressed peoples of India and the revolutionary movement in general. Currently, the 'SAMADHAN' strategic multi-pronged attack continues at its peak. As part of this, overall security is strengthened and expanded. Incorporation-Militarization is underway in Chhattisgarh-Maharashtra (Dandakaranya), Bihar-Jharkhand, Odisha, Telangana, AOB, Maharashtra-Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh (MMC), Western Ghats. The exploiting ruling classes are laying roads, bridges, pipelines, railway lines on the basis of war, under the name of infrastructure, in order to facilitate the movement of the armed forces and to exploit resources very cheaply.
The people understood that these police camps, roads, bridges and railway lines were only to remove themselves from their waters-forests-lands, to prevent their survival, to plunder their resources and to eliminate their long-fought and established DHKs, and they are fighting against them with courage and determination. The militant struggle of the Silinger tribespeople in Bastar for the last 15 months stands out as a symbol of these struggles. Tribal people are opposing new police camps in Parasnadh hill region of Jharkhand, cut off area of Andhra Odisha border region, new police camps established in Vechaghat, Gompad, Singaram, Burji, Pusnar, Vechapal, Poosuguppa, Gondod, Gornam and other places of Dandakaranya (action, in a practical sense.) The state brutally attacks them. Lathi charge, tear gas, illegal arrests, shooting, sabotage and mortar shelling became a commonplace feature. People continue their struggle, rejecting government repression and confronting the government's Para-military and police forces. They prevent mining. HKGO retaliation adds to these struggles. Support at various levels from students-young people, tribal and non-tribal people, intellectuals, leading democrats instills self-confidence and firm determination in these struggles. Thus, these popular struggles, popular retaliation, and people's war are addressed in coordination and to stop the implementation of agreements made by governments with corporations.
The party and the public stopped the mining started in Raoghat in the 1990s. TATA had to withdraw its plan to build a Steel Factory on ten thousand acres of tribal land in Lohandiguda due to 10 years of popular resistance. The ESSAR Steel plant, which was planned on a 4-decare land in the villages of Dhurli, Bhansi and Kamalur, had to be withdrawn due to the resistance of the people. Construction of the planned Bodhghat mega dam on the Indravati River is still pending. The people led by the party and the HKGO are preventing many such mining projects.
The heroic people of West Bung Singur fought back TATA's plan to establish a Nano car industry. The people of Nandigram in the same province chased an Indonesian MNC Salem group with their struggle. The Salbani people of West Bung halted the expansion of Jindal industries, with the historic Lalgarh struggle (for the Lalgarh movement, the struggle that began in the Salboni region of West Bengal State on November 2, 2008).
The Kuvvi tribespeople chased Anil Agarwal, the owner of the Sterlite Vedanta industries, from the Niyamgiri district of Odisha. On January 2, 2006, the Komprador administrators opened fire on the militant demonstration of 15 thousand people from 15 villages against the construction of the TATA Steel factory in Kalinganagar, and helped to build the factory. But people of Odisha are against POSCO in Jagatsingpur.
The people, intellectuals and artists of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are fighting together against bauxite mining in Visakha, Mali and Dahali hills and Uranium mining in Nallamala mountains.
13 people were killed and more than 100 injured by gunfire to suppress the militant popular struggle against the Sterlite Company planned to be established in Tamilnadu's Toothukudi district. The people of the Western Ghats are against iron ore mining. Gadchiroli people struggle against mining in Surjagarh, Damkodivahi and Korchi in Maharashtra.
The tribal people of Bastar on the hill of Amdai, Tulad, Taralmetta, Pittodmetta/Nandaraj are fighting a relentless struggle against mining.
The central government decided to establish a military base called the military training center in the Maad region, where the Mariah tribe, one of the ancient tribes, resided in a place called 'Abuzmaarh' in Narayanpur district in Bastar region. Chhattisgarh's previous BJP government had made an agreement to cede a quarter of Marh to the Indian Army. There are various mineral resources in Marh. This is one of the country's largest strategic regions. The Indian government deployed thousands of Indian Army soldiers in Marh between 2011 and 2013 and trained them in jungle warfare. The government of India has temporarily halted the deployment of the army by the violent protest movement of the people of Dandakaranya, democratic intellectuals, human rights and social organizations.
Much of the forest land in the states of the revolutionary movement has been converted for National Parks, wildlife sanctuaries, tigers, leopards, bison reserves, tourist resorts, and shooting ranges where hundreds of villages have been turned into cemeteries. Thousands of families and hundreds of thousands of people are displaced. People are against all these initiatives.
The tribal people obtained certain rights in the form of laws as a result of decades of struggle. Few rights are given to tribal people in the Constitution of India. In fact, these laws and rights were never fully implemented. But they have formed a basis for formulating their struggle demands. Schedule Fifth of the Constitution, 1996 PESA, Rights of Gram Sabhas, Forest Land Identification Act 2006, Forest Conservation Act 2013 are some of the laws with such pro-popular aspects. Various state governments have formulated various Acts at relevant times prohibiting the purchase or confiscation of tribal lands in Schedule Fifth areas. PESA, the Forest Land Identification Act of 2006, the Forest Conservation Act of 2013 clearly stated that tribal people's lands should not be confiscated by the central and state governments for the sake of any development plan, industry, mines and dams without the permission of the Gram Sabhas.
India signed the tribal people's rights declaration issued by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Section 30 of the document clearly stated that no military action should be taken on tribal people's lands without their consent and consent.
However, to date, none of the lands allocated and leased to comprador capitalists and imperialist MNCs, as well as for central and state government projects, have been granted permission by Gram Sabhas. All these have been issued by governments under the name of fake Gram Sabhas without the knowledge of the people involved. The permission of Gram Sabhas was not requested for the camps of the police, para-military and army forces established in our fighting areas. People are fighting for these rights to be enforced, for all camps set up without Gram Sabhas' permission to be abolished, and for no projects to be built without Gram Sabhas' permission. The 'Pathalgarhi' struggle, which started with the slogan 'our village is our government' in Jharkhand and Northern Chhattisgarh, has spread to Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and the border Southern Chhattisgarh.
Now, the fascist Modi government has violated the rights of the tribal people by issuing the Forest Protection Ordinance on June 24, 2022. This is a gross violation of the rights of the tribal people and the Constitution and tramples them. With this decree, the central government will be able to allocate tribal farmers' lands and forest lands to local and foreign corporate companies and public-private sector projects without the consent of Gram Sabhas and landowners. To broaden, unite, consolidate these popular struggles against the government's anti-popular, anti-tribal fascist policies and actions, and to take them forward to form an anti-imperialist, anti-comprador bureaucratic-capitalist, anti-feudal front of the people's struggle all over the country and fight the people's war. It has an important task such as shaping it in the direction of condensation and expansion.
In fact, the struggles against displacement, Para-military and Special police camps are intertwined with the question of land and existence. All these are anti-imperialist, anti-comprador bureaucratic, anti-feudal struggles. These struggles have to be intensified and expanded by combining them with the People's War-Guerrilla War.
Everything that the exploiting ruling classes do in the name of development is nothing but the development of the people, but their own intense exploitation. It is nothing but an anti-development and treacherous model that indiscriminately plunders the people's resources, devastates them, destroys the environment and plunges the country into debt. This model is one that uses natural wealth and resources not for the whole people and country, but for the imperialists and comprador exploiting ruling classes. We must oppose and fight this model of development. The real development model should be to protect and develop resources, protect the environment, use them in a discriminatory way for the needs of all people and the country and future generations. The New Democratic state power, which will be built by overthrowing the state power of imperialism and the comprador exploiting ruling classes through the Proletarian People's War only under the leadership of the proletarian party, will implement the real model of development. Only then can we ensure the true multi-faceted development of the people. Only in this way can we control and protect the indiscriminate exploitation of resources. These initiatives started and continue at the primary level in the fields of struggle under the leadership of the party, under the leadership of the organs of the state power of the people.
Q – One of the most important problems facing the International Communist Movement is the problem of revisionism. There are many forms of revisionism: Trotskyism, Khrushchevism, Parliamentarism and Dengism to name but a few. How big a problem is revisionism in India, which parties do you consider revisionist and how is the CPI (Maoist) fighting revisionism in India?
C - Yes. As you said, revisionism is a big problem facing the International Communist Movement. Ever since Marxism emerged as the theoretical weapon of the proletariat, it has appeared in various forms in the name of Marxism. It is still emerging, and it will appear in the future. The danger of revisionism will continue until the World Socialist Revolution succeeds and Communism is established. Whatever form it takes, its theoretical roots lie in bourgeois/petty-bourgeois ideology. The interests of the revisionists harm the interests of the proletariat and the working people and help the interests of the bourgeoisie. Therefore, revisionist practice helps the existence and status quo of the existing society, not to destroy the anti-capitalist-development classes and prepare for or lead the armed revolution. As long as these exist between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie during and after the revolution, they also manifest in various forms as a conflict in the party of the proletariat. We must enlighten the ranks of the party politically and develop the political consciousness of the people, so that as long as society needs communists, the danger of revisionism will exist in various forms. We must unite and strengthen the party fighting against revisionism. We must carry out various cultural revolutions in order to transform socialist democracy into a great power with appropriate lines and policies under the dictatorship of the proletariat in the country/countries where political power has been seized.
Marx-Engels formulated the proletarian revolutionary theory of Marxism. Since then, while bourgeois theories have attacked Marxism, there have been many people in history who claimed to be Marxists and distorted it in various ways and went against its essence.
By the end of the last decade of the 19th century, Marxism had defeated all bourgeois, petty-bourgeois opportunist currents in the International Communist Movement and had taken a stable place as the scientific theory of the international proletariat. For nearly half a century, Marx-Engels fought hard against these currents and defeated them.
After the transformation of capitalism into monopoly capitalism-imperialism, in the process of creatively applying the basic principles of Marxism to the concrete practice of the Russian revolution and the world proletarian revolution, in the process of making it theorized, Bernstein turned to various revisionists such as Narodniks, Economists, Mensheviks, legal Marxists, liquidators, Kautsky, Trotsky. and Plekhanov, in political struggle against dogmatic Marxists, Lenin preserved, enriched and brought the proletarian science of Marxism to a new and higher level.
Thus it developed as Marxism-Leninism. Lenin saw the revisionists as representatives of imperialism disguised in the ranks of the proletarian movement. He criticized them and fought against them.
Comrade Stalin preserved and developed Marxism-Leninism by fighting against the Trotskyists, Zinovinists, Bukharinists, bourgeois agents and various forms of opportunism hidden within the Soviet Communist Party.
The Chinese Communist Party, led by Comrade Mao, fought and defeated ten internal struggles against left, right and opportunist tendencies during the Chinese Revolution. He carried out the New Democratic Revolution and built Socialism. Thus, it paved the way for the change of semi-colonial, semi-feudal systems in Asia, Africa and Latin America and New Democratic Revolutions and Socialist Revolutions in these countries. He developed the way of the Protracted People's War. In the process, as a part of the international struggle against international revisionism, the representatives of imperialism, Tito and Togliatti, fought against revisionists such as Thorez and preserved and developed Marxism-Leninism.
He spearheaded the international theoretical struggle against Khrushchev's modern revisionism through the Great Debate led by Comrade Mao. The Great Debate helped the truly proletarian revolutionary forces struggling against revisionism to establish new Marxist-Leninist parties around the world on the basis of Marxist-Leninist principles and facilitated the path of progress. During this period, Comrade Mao waged a two-line struggle against the main center of the modern revisionists of the capitalist road under the leadership of the staunch revisionist Li Shao-chi. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was tackled in the CCP under the leadership of Comrade Mao against modern revisionism.
BPKD acted as a catalyst in sensitizing the theoretical, political struggle against revisionism in various Communist Parties internationally. Lin Piao, who was at the forefront with Mao in the BPKD, quickly brought the revisionist line to the fore by speaking in left jargon under the veil of Mao Thought and treacherously tried to seize power. He proved to be a conspirator. After the death of Comrade Mao, Hua-Deng led the modern revisionist clique in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy, seized power and restored Chinese capitalism instead of Socialism and bureaucratic capitalism instead of the Socialist state. After Russia, revisionism gained hegemony in China, and the Communist Parties of many countries of the world turned into right opportunist parties and revisionist parties. The revolutionary movements of several countries also came to an end.
Deng's modern revisionist line also damaged the revolutionary communist movement in our country. In particular, the CPI (ML) Liberation led by Vinod Misra became deranged and turned into a revisionist party. The DV group (one of the earlier groups in UCCRI ML) is a Dengist revisionist breakaway group.
Our party and various Maoist parties and forces of the world have studied the historical lessons of the BPKD and condemned Deng's modern revisionism with the most powerful weapon of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. These parties also struggle against the various revisionist forms that emerged under Deng's influence, including revisionism under the cover of Maoism and all shades of revisionism. One of the two revolutionary currents of the United CPI (Maoist), CPI (ML) People's War misinterpreted the second world in relation to the theory of three worlds for a while. Fortunately, he corrected his mistake soon after.
Later, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) created the 'Prachanda way' under the leadership of the Prachanda-Bhattarai treacherous clique. The Revolutionary Communist Party of the USA, led by Bob Avakian, introduced another modern revisionist theory, Avakianism. Many Maoist parties and forces, including our party, opposed and theoretically exposed these two tendencies.
We have to specifically expose the Chinese Social-imperialism, which is Chinese revisionism, and the false Socialism that has emerged with the false slogan of 'Socialism with Chinese characteristics'. The modern revisionist parties that are in power on behalf of the communist parties in Vietnam, Cuba and North Korea and the modern revisionist parties that do not raise the flag of the proletarian international in their countries and internationally, do not implement Socialism, and do not strive for the success of the World Socialist Revolution, cannot be real Communist parties. As opportunist parties, they help perpetuate capitalist systems. We must expose the opportunism of these parties. Thus, we must develop the revolutionary consciousness and vigilance of the peoples of the world. Our party program proclaimed the correct Marxist position on proletarian internationalism and relations between countries.
As for our country, our party was founded right in the middle of the theoretical and political struggle against revisionism and neo-revisionism. Later on, he opposed right opportunist, left adventurist and many kinds of opportunism and revisionism that emerged inside and outside the party, struggled against these currents inside and outside the party and reached its current state.
After the success of the Great October Revolution that took place in Russia in 1917 under the leadership of the great Marxist teacher Lenin, Marxist-Leninist theory became popular in our country as well. The Communist Party of India (CPC) was founded in 1925 under the influence of the theory-revolution and as a result of the heroic militant class struggles of the proletariat against British imperialism. Although there were many opportunities, he could not play a leading role in the national liberation-democratic movement due to the wrong line the party leadership followed at that time. The communist party has always refused to recognize the true class nature of the Gandhian, bourgeois, feudal leadership. Therefore, it failed to adopt the true revolutionary path, to take the revolutionary initiative and to struggle with the leadership. Therefore, he misunderstood the comprador bourgeois class as the national bourgeois class, caught the tail of the Gandhian leadership, and was reluctant to adopt real strategy-tactics to combine the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the Indian Revolution. The leadership made serious mistakes in analyzing classes in Indian society. The hero has seriously failed to identify with the broad masses, especially with the peasantry. He refused to learn from the successful Chinese Revolution under the leadership of Comrade Mao Zedong and the CCP, and to creatively apply the People's War path and great experiences adopted by it to the concrete conditions of our country, and did not adopt the path of armed struggle for the seizure of political power in the national liberation movement. Over time, the objective revolutionary situation in India became very favorable. But the right opportunist leadership of the Communist Party was always reluctant to adopt the right path of the People's War for armed national liberation and democracy. In fact, the Communist Party leadership helped the bourgeois class to deflect the people's anti-imperialist militant movement. It entered into an opportunist alliance with the Congress, did not become independent in the United Front, thought that everything was possible through unity, and took the revolutionary people as a tail to the leadership of Gandhi. Moreover, the Communist Party leadership betrayed the armed struggle of the great Telangana peasants and got bogged down in parliamentarism and revisionism under the deceptive name of using parliament.
In fact, the objective conditions were unprecedentedly favorable for advancing the Agricultural Revolution and had the path to the great People's War and the success of the Chinese revolution as Comrade Mao showed. But they behaved differently. However, the heroic ranks of the communist party joined hands with the struggling people and led many revolutionary struggles. Thousands of comrades have laid down their precious lives to accomplish the great cause of realizing the New Democratic Revolution in India as part of the World Socialist Revolution.
The truly revolutionary forces representing the revolutionary ranks in India fought against the false opportunist, revisionist lines of the leadership leading the CPI, backstabbing and then the modern revisionist CPI (Marxist). In the late 1950s and 60s this struggle took on completely new dimensions. The Great Debate initiated by the CCP led by Comrade Mao Zedong against Soviet modern revisionism led by Khrushchev became a symbol of this new beginning. Just as the Great Debate intensified, leading to the world-shaking BPKD, the struggle against the modern revisionist CPI (M) leadership intensified, reaching a state of rupture with the party. The beginning of BPKD was a milestone for this process. With the direct impact of this process, the forces that initially represented the struggle against CPI revisionism and later against the modern revisionism of CPI(M) leadership supported and internalized Marxism-Leninism-Mao Thought (now Maoism) theoretically and more importantly in their revolutionary practice. Thus, Comrade CM, Comrade KC and the great leaders of the primary Maoist forces came to the fore to condemn the program of the 7th Congress of the CPI (M) as revisionism. The great Naxalbari Uprising in May 1967 led by Comrade Charu Mazumdar was an opening for the 'Spring Thunder in India'.
Since then, the history of the Communist movement in our country has entered a new qualitative turn. Not only did it largely expose revisionism and permanently break away from it, it also became, for the first time, a symbol of the conscious implementation of the brilliant path to the seizure of political power by Comrade Mao, the path of MLM, the People's War.
Thus, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism emerged as a theoretical political demarcation line between the revisionists and the real revolutionaries of India. Naxalbari inspired various levels of armed peasant struggles in about ten states of the country. In this process, real revolutionaries were organized in 1969 as two main revolutionary currents: CPI (Marxist-Leninist) and Maoist Communist Center (MKM). The 8th Congress of the HKP (ML) was held in 1970. However, shortly after the revolutionary defeatist of the Congress, Satyanarayana Singh, attacked Comrade Charu Mazumdar with his right opportunist line in 1971 and split the party, the party's left tactics at that time, foreign tendencies of the left and right inside, and the brutal attacks of the enemy all over the country The movement has temporarily declined. West Bengal police arrested Comrade CM on 28 July 1972 and killed him in custody. Most of the leaders and party ranks in the CPI (ML) Central Committee and various State Committees were either martyred, arrested or dispersed. The party was very weak organizationally because it lacked a centre. There was a theoretical confusion. HKP (ML) was split several times. Many parties/groups were formed. Central-level leaders and concerned state leaders leaving the arrest worked with theory and policy according to their own understanding. During this time, many strong right and left adventurism tendencies emerged. In the following period, on the one hand, there were attempts to unite by real communist revolutionaries, on the other hand, there were new divisions and the formation of new groups.
Although the movement temporarily declined, the revolutionary movement gradually gained strength and went through various ups and downs, learning lessons from previous experiences and bravely facing enemy pressure by making tremendous sacrifices under the leadership of the CPI (ML) and MKM. Both Maoist revolutionary currents waged a determined struggle all over the country against various forms of revolutionary internal and external opportunism, based on the correct revolutionary path, and perpetuated the legacy of all revolutionary aspects of the Indian Communist movement.
On the other hand, the two main revolutionary currents united the real revolutionaries working as separate parties/groups, sections and individuals, and finally united in the CPI (Maoist) on September 21, 2004 as a single center of the Indian proletarian vanguard. This became extremely important in the history of the Indian Revolution. With the merger of HKP (ML) Naxalbari with HKP (Maoist) on May 1, 2014, the unity of India's various revolutionaries as revolutionary parties and groups was completed.
Now let me tell you about our Party's attitude towards the various leftist parties in India in the current circumstances.
The main theoretical task of the party today is to theoretically confront and defeat post-modern tendencies, especially revisionist ones. If our party does not fight revisionism theoretically and politically, it will be impossible to achieve YDD in the country. Various revisionists are trying to divert the advanced sections from the path of revolution. With their post-modernist revisionist ideology, they are trying to direct the revolutionary people to parliamentary, legal and peaceful paths.
While the "left alliance" of the CPI and CPI(M) was in power in Kerala and West Bengal, the ruling class parties in the center and in the states that formed the government with their support pursued comprador ruling class policies dictated by the imperialists. Especially when the CPI(M) was in power in West Bengal, TATA, Birla, Ambani, Jindal and other comprador bureaucratic capitalists of the country and MNCs like Salem forcibly bought the farmers' lands and gave them at very cheap prices. These social fascists deployed police and para-military forces and exerted violent repression against the people's struggles. They made ambushes and massacres. Murders, persecutions, looting, house burnings, arrests, torture and corruption were normal. In Kerala, where he is currently in power, the government is implementing pro-imperialist policies and handing over natural resources at no cost. It crushes our party, our people and our workers, who oppose its own policies, under an iron heel. They prove that they do not fall behind BJP and Congress in the service of imperialism with their oppressive policies against the people.
Members of the People's Committee Against Police Brutality (PCAPA), a mass organization led by the CPI (Maoist), burned down a regional headquarters of the so-called "Communist Party of India (Marxist)", the former ruling party in West Bengal and the current ruling party in Kerala. It has barely displayed its revisionist, social-fascist character, ruthlessly suppressing both the revolutionary movement and other popular movements in both states.
Currently, the CPI and KPM and the ruling class (including the regional ruling class) parties have significant influence over large sections of the Indian organized working class. The majority of workers' and workers' organizations, especially in the public sector industries, banks, insurance companies, coal and iron mines, and similar sectors, are under the leadership or influence of these parties. They are an obstacle to building a militant working class movement in India. The unions of these two parties are content to call a general strike once or twice a year.
In today's conditions, where the onslaught of International Finance Capital is intensifying with each passing day, and the central and state governments are trampling on the rights of workers who have been fighting for decades, the conditions are favorable for building a strong workers' movement. However, two parties stand in the way of this. While they occasionally mutter about the privatization of public sector enterprises, Foreign Direct Investment in the retail sector, layoffs of workers, and the casual-subcontracted labor system, in practice they act as proponents of these policies. Our party exposes their class collaborationist policies. Our weakness in the urban-working-class sectors limits the development of the People's War. Our party needs to move forward towards building a strong revolutionary trade union movement.
The Central Committee of our party called on all left parties and forces to unite in the struggle against the state oppression of the exploitative rulers on the oppressed people, the attacks of the Brahmanic Hindutva Fascist forces, displacement and other similar people's problems. In some states our Mass Organizations are co-located with the CPI's Mass Organizations.
Now I want to tell you about the various opportunist parties under the veil of MLM.
HKP (ML) Liberation and HKP (ML) Red Star follow a right opportunist path under the veil of MLM. These parties have abandoned the armed struggle, defend parliamentarism and assist bourgeois and revisionist parties such as HKP, KPM and SUCI. CPI (ML) Liberation adopted Deng's revisionist path in the early 1980s and abandoned the armed revolution. These parties are making disgusting, cruel, bad propaganda that our party is violent. We need to expose the true character of these two parties among the people much more.
Some Trotskyists working within the working class are making bad propaganda that India is turning into a capitalist country, People's War is obsolete, and the CPI (Maoist) is a terrorist organisation. They have no interest in rural India and do not even take up working class struggles in a militant way. They accuse the People's War and the CPI (Maoist) leading it, and join the ruling classes in propaganda.
Apart from these, there are a few more ML parties that follow the right opportunist line. All these parties propagate MLM theoretically and politically. They mobilize the people in their work areas with legal methods on economic and political problems. People's struggles are never militant. These parties are legal organizations. They limit themselves to legal, partial struggles and postpone the People's War indefinitely, on the grounds that revolutionary conditions are not yet mature, the people are not yet ready for armed struggle, there is no revolutionary wave in the country, or they are preparing for revolution. Two or three groups (New Democracy, Janashakti and others) led by KP Reddy, Satyanarayana Singh have armed contingents in undivided Andhra Pradesh. In any case, they only used these troops to raise money from contractors, get votes, and maintain the hegemony of their group, not for armed struggle. According to their understanding, setting up military formations to wage a people's war is left adventurism. Almost all these parties got stuck in the election quagmire in the name of tactics. The forces of the old UCCRI-ML factions are seen here and there in the country, but they are not building class struggle anywhere in the country. They are not available anywhere except Punjab.
Our party was waging a serious theoretical and political struggle with CPI, KPM, as well as Liberation, Red Star, New Democracy, Janashakti, Lin Piao group and other ML groups. We even had physical clashes with the groups New Democracy, Janashakti and Liberation from time to time. We then overcame this physical conflict through mutual discussion and at times a unilateral ceasefire on our part. We are engaged in political, theoretical struggle against the right opportunist line of these parties and together with their Mass Organizations and other organizations the economic and political problems of the broad oppressed people, especially farmers, workers, middle classes, against Brahmanic Hindutva Fascist forces, against the oppression of exploitative governments, against displacement and We strive to build the broad United Front for civil rights. We work together on such fronts. We are ready to work together in the future as well. We must take more initiative to work together with all forces ready to fight for the National Democratic Revolution and the building of the United forums against the exploitative ruling classes of India, their anti-popular, treacherous fascist policies.
We are aware of the fact that there are activists working for revolution and devoted to the people in the lower echelons of various right-wing ML parties. Depending on the development of the People's War in the country, they can think of the real way of revolution. We hope that the revisionist, post-modernist, right opportunist and left adventurist ideologies will break their chains and unite with the true revolutionary communists. We hope they will continue in this direction as well.
In general, we can only advance the revolutionary movement towards success by a theoretical struggle against revisionism in its various forms, by revealing the true nature of bankrupt leadership and defeating it. Our party has developed only from the Naxalbari Spring Thunder until today by exposing and defeating right and left opportunism through theoretical and political struggle inside and outside the party. Our party can only survive and develop in the midst of the tides by making as much effort as it can with a correct Marxist stance in the theoretical struggle in the International Communist camp. For this reason, our party's Program and Statutes and Political Decisions have clearly written the importance of the struggle against revisionism. Although we have faced betrayal, coup d'etats and temporary defeats not only in practice, but even in the theoretical field, from the revisionists on the screen of the Communist Party, who represent the bourgeois class until they destroy the world capitalist system and establish Communism through the Socialism process, we will eventually defeat them in the theoretical field and in all fields and we will definitely achieve success. This is what we always say, not only in our party, but also in the revolutionary camp and to the people. This is what we say even on the international plane.
Q – Some, including those who consider themselves "communists", take a defeatist stance against the people's war in India, and some declare that there is no hope of victory. Can you explain to our readers why we should be hopeful and optimistic in our view of the people's war in India, and what progress and achievements the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and HKGO have made recently despite setbacks?
C - Yes. You are telling the truth. Some, including those who self-identify as 'Communists', take a defeatist stance against the People's War in India. Others do not trust his victory. They lack the basic Marxist understanding that imperialism and its slave India's semi-colonial, semi-feudal system are in decline and that Socialism in India and the ongoing People's War as part of the World Socialist Revolution are burgeoning. This is because they lack a dialectical historical materialist perspective on the rules of social development. They do not understand the rules of social development. They analyze and understand conditions in a metaphysical way. They see only the problems in the current conditions, the difficult conditions and the losses of the revolutionary movement. They see the current balance of power situation between the enemies and the people as permanent and unchanging. They do not seize opportunities to gain strength by drawing valuable lessons from the objective revolutionary situation, the weaknesses of the enemy, the contradictions between the enemy classes, and the practice of the revolutionary forces. They do not trust the nature of the current imperialist-revolutionary age and the revolutionary nature of the people. They do not understand or refuse to understand the ongoing and future changes in the balance of power with the enemy, by developing tactics in a planned manner according to the circumstances, by the conscious revolutionary efforts of the revolutionary forces and the revolutionary party, by overcoming coups and setbacks. They distrust the public, the true makers of history, the highly progressive, scientific theory of MLM (today's Marxism), or even themselves. They see the enemies of the broad masses and their power as invincible. Such people emphasize defeatism. You clearly know that defeatist attitudes are seen not only in our country and our party, but also in many countries and parties of the world.
We have full confidence that the People's War will be successful in India. MLM is our guiding theory. It is the most progressive, revolutionary, dynamic and scientific theory among all the theories that have ever existed. It is the theory of the most advanced class, the proletariat. It is the grandest theory. It is the theoretical weapon in the hands of the oppressed people of society. People's War will definitely achieve success by organizing the oppressed classes, sections and nationalities in the light of this theory, leading them and continuing the class struggle-people's war. We firmly believe that the people are the maker of history and that the people will achieve the final victory. We are waging a class struggle-people's war with full confidence in our theory, our people and our future. We know our friends and our enemies very well. We strategically see the enemy as a paper tiger, tactically as a real tiger, and we wage a People's War.
Marxism says that the contradiction between the forces of production and the relations of production is the source of social change. The socio-economic system of India is currently semi-colonial, semi-feudal. The comprador bureaucratic capitalist class and the feudal class cooperated with the imperialists and continue as the exploiting ruling classes. The imperialists have indirect domination, exploitation and control over our country. The Indian state, representing the exploitative ruling classes, exploits, oppresses and persecutes workers, farmers, petty bourgeois, national bourgeois classes, special social segments such as Dalits, tribal people, religious minorities, women, LGBT, oppressed nationalities of Kashmir and North East and others. is implementing. All the policies of these governments in the political, economic, industrial, agricultural, service, defense, cultural and environmental sectors are anti-popular and treacherous. They serve the interests of a few comprador bureaucratic capitalists, landlords and imperialists. For this reason, the broad oppressed masses will certainly struggle against these exploiting ruling classes, and they are. This is the basis, source and at the same time guarantee of the success of the People's War.
Ours is a vast country with uneven economic, social and cultural development. We are relatively weak. Our enemy is strong. The revolutionary movement is currently in the stage of strategic self-defense. At the same time, it continues its uneven development. It has not yet spread to all areas and divisions. The enemy is doing its best to eliminate us before we get stronger. Our enemy is not just the old Indian state. World capitalist imperialism also supports it. We are faced with the difficulties faced by the Russian revolution when there was no Socialist camp anywhere in the world. However, there are Maoist parties and forces fighting for the success of revolutions in various countries of the world. We have their support. When we fight a powerful enemy, we experience ups and downs, advance and retreat. We take on challenges, expand into all areas and parts of the country, expand our mass base, and fight with courage and audacity.
We will achieve success. The people are invincible. They are the determining factor. If we organize the oppressed people, the majority people will surely overthrow the few exploiters. We firmly believe in the historical fact that there is defeat-success-defeat and ultimately success. Capitalist imperialism is not permanent in this world. In the course of the development of human society, eventually a society free of exploitation and oppression, Communism will be established.
The current international and local conditions are very favorable for advancing the revolutionary movement. Three fundamental contradictions are getting sharper day by day. The four main contradictions in the country are also intensifying. These create favorable objective conditions for revolutions. Recently, and especially since the Hindutva Fascist forces led by Modi came to power in the center and in the majority states, they have been very aggressively implementing LPG policies that meet the interests of the imperialists and the Indian comprador ruling classes.
The country's farmers waged a long, historic, militant struggle for a year in Delhi against three anti-farmer, treacherous agricultural laws, forcing Modi to temporarily withdraw these Laws. These laws were enacted in the name of 'Atmanirbhar' ("Campaign for Confident India") as part of a conspiracy to make the country dependent on the imperialists for food. Alongside the Shaheenbagh struggle against CAA in Delhi, there are police camps, roads, displacement, devastating mega-fighting in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, Bihar, Kerala, Punjab and Maharashtra. The ongoing popular struggles against the construction of projects and the fascist oppression of the state, workers, teachers, employees, students, unemployed, oppressed social segments and others are struggling all over the country. These reveal favorable conditions for revolution in the country.
The central and state governments are trying to suppress these movements with fascist methods. Particularly as part of building a Brahmanic Hindutva Fascist neo-colonial India under the name New India, the Modi government has been making constant attacks on religious minorities, especially Muslims, Dalits, tribal peoples and democrats. He carries out many attacks on his religious traditions and food habits and tries to pass ruthless laws to justify his actions. It abolished Article 370 and Section 35A (Article 370 and Section 35A: Section of the Indian Constitution entitled “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions”) and terminated Kashmir's autonomy. He passed a law abolishing the triple talaq (the Muslim man's three times saying "bless" to a woman), built the Ram Mandir (An Indian Temple) in Ayodhya, stifled questioning voices, brought conspiracy cases and imprisoned him, and the revolutionary launched the 'SAMADHAN' multi-pronged attack to suppress the movement with the most fascist methods.
But the broad masses of the oppressed and democrats understand the central plots of the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) and BJP and are raising their voices and organizing against it.
Let's see briefly the situation of the People's War that continues under the leadership of our Party, in the Party, HKGO and Revolutionary people's organs.
After Naxalbari, our movement soon regressed. There was despair and disappointment. But we reviewed the movement, learned from mistakes and weaknesses, overcame and gradually moved forward. From the late 1970s, the two revolutionary currents, CPI (ML) and MKM, began to operate in small areas of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and other states, gradually learned and developed. In this process, we encountered left, right and various types of revisionism inside and outside the party. We have become stronger and expanded to all areas. Under the leadership of the party, we formed the HKGO, the organs of state power, and various forms of the United Front. The process of unity of true revolutionaries took place in this period. The two main revolutionary currents of India, the CPI (ML) (People's War) and the Maoist Communist Center of India (MHKM), merged on September 21, 2004 and the CPI (Maoist) emerged. Thus we developed as a detachment of the international proletariat and a vanguard from a single center leading the New Democratic Revolution in India. Then, in January 2007, we successfully held the Party's Unity Congress - the Ninth Congress. Congress adopted enriched core documents and several policy documents. We have formulated the center, the main tasks and other important tasks. We consolidated leadership through election.
After the Congress, our practice continued towards the achievement of other tasks, including the main task of seizing state power through armed struggle. In 2005, various state governments launched Salwa Judum, Sendra and other similar repressive campaigns with the support and direction of the center to suppress our movement. Under the leadership of our party, we defeated Salwa Judum and other campaigns at the end of 2008, thanks to the heroic political and military struggles of the main, subordinate and grassroots forces of the HKGO, the revolutionary popular bodies, the revolutionary people, the progressive and democratic intellectuals and social activists. Later, the central and state governments together launched Operation Green Hunt, a multi-pronged strategic offensive across the country since 2009. We resisted this attack with great sacrifices until 2017. We didn't let Operation Green Hunt achieve its goal. The enemy has launched another multi-pronged strategic 'SAMADHAN' offensive since May 2017. HKGO, Revolutionary Mass Organizations and the revolutionary people are fighting heroic guerrilla warfare against Special Police, Para-military, commando forces and Indian Army forces secretly deployed under the cover of these forces, with power, economic wealth, modern weapons and heavy training support.
To put it briefly, the revolutionary movement that continued under the leadership of our party in India from the late 1970s until 2011 was in the progress stage. Thousands of martyrs shed their blood for this progress. During this time, the party has made little progress in accomplishing other tasks, including the central mandate. He gained invaluable and new experience in the political, military, United Front and Cultural fields.
Our party has made efforts to enlighten the people, organize, engage in class struggles, develop its subjective power and build the People's Army with the New Democratic Revolution policy as an alternative to the false parliamentary system and the state of the exploiting classes. By handling the People's War-Guerrilla War in a planned manner, it overthrew the state power of the comprador exploiting ruling classes and built, developed and expanded guerrilla bases. These guerrilla bases contributed to the further consolidation and expansion of the movement and the advancement of the People's War.
We have built these guerrilla bases in Dandakaranya (DK), BiharJharkhand (BJ), Andhra-Odisha Border (AOB), Telangana, West Bengal and parts of Odisha state. Depending on the balance of power of the movement, we established the DHK as the organ of state power at the village, regional and divisional levels. They hold the New Democratic state power. These people's governments are discovering the rich initiative hidden in the people and improving agricultural production through collective labor; progress towards economic development and self-sufficiency; It strives to develop the new Democratic culture and to support the Party, the HKGO, the Revolutionary people's bodies, the people's struggles and the People's War.
However, some serious shortcomings, weaknesses and limitations have emerged in the development process of the Party, the People's Army and the United Front, the three great weapons that have guaranteed the success of the revolution since 2012. Due to the shortcomings and limitations in the adoption and implementation of tactics suitable for the changes in the relations of production due to the imperialist globalization policies and war conditions, the inability of the party, the HKGO and the popular organs to be sufficiently bolshevikized, and the constant counter-revolutionary attacks of the Indian comprador ruling classes under the command of the imperialists against the party and the revolutionary movement. Great losses occurred during this period. Various bureaus, subcommittees and departments were affected. Numerous central and state leaders have been arrested since 2005, and the party has faced serious losses. 21 CC members were arrested after the Congress. Seven of them were martyred in ambushes, clashes and 13 MK members died of illness. The casualties were mostly in the city and on the plains. In this case, the party cannot use the favorable atmosphere throughout the country. It is against this background that we have to evaluate the difficult conditions, problems and difficulties the party is in. Compared to the Naxalbari period, however, despite the improvement in the party and revolutionary movement in all areas, we were unable to maintain the revolutionary leadership and subjective forces in the fierce enemy attack, and thus this situation arose. The 6th (continued) meeting of the CC adopted the tactics, direction of general practice and strategic plan. Based on the facts in the light of MLM, he made the necessary changes to the immediate, main and central tasks. The party needs to make an effort with absolute determination in this direction.
Recently, we have achieved certain successes in theoretical, political, organizational, military and cultural fields. Let's take a brief look at these. In the 6th and 6th (continued) meetings of the CC, some concrete and important tasks in the theoretical and political fields were discussed. It adopted a document entitled 'Changes in the Relations of Production in India - Our Political Programme'. He 'responded' to the unrealistic, immature debate that the relations of production in India were becoming capitalist, and affirmed that India's social, economic system is still semi-colonial, semi-feudal. However, he said that there were significantly distorted capitalist changes as a result of the policies of the imperialists, comprador bureaucratic capitalists and feudal classes, and he formulated the political program and tactics.
He prepared and published a document titled 'The Nationality Question in India-Our Party's Attitude'. The Caste Question in India, our perspective and China, a new social-imperialist country made the necessary changes and additions to its documents and republished them. He prepared and published the Central Political and Organizational Review from the Union-Ninth Congress of the party in 2007 until 2020. In the changing circumstances and the current background of the movement, he changed the central task to: 'Let's work with the goal of making Dandakaranya and Bihar-Jharkhand, East Bihar-North East Jharkhand as base areas. Let's intensify the anti-imperialist, anti-comprador bureaucratic capitalist, anti-feudal class struggles in all areas of action in the country'. In accordance with the main central task, he made the necessary changes in urgent missions in the political, organizational, military, United Front and urban areas.
At its meeting in 2017, the CC published a document on the party's understanding of the establishment of an International organisation. He issued circulars and letters on political conditions and enemy attack on several occasions. Thus, he was able to carry the perspective and understanding of various aspects to the staff. In the light of these documents, it became easier to adopt the necessary tactics to deal with the people's struggle on the issues of the people.
As part of the party's rectification campaign, we held general assemblies of various Special Areas/Special Regions/States. We have accepted Political and Organizational Reviews of movements where relevant. We evaluated the conditions of the movement and accepted the tasks. We elected new members to leadership committees and strengthened them. We also ran a successful party membership campaign in some states and developed the primary membership of the party. We strengthened the party cells and the GPC (Group of Popular Combatants).
In 200-2017, we celebrated four revolutionary days of international importance, such as the Anniversary of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Naxalbari Armed Peasants' Struggle, the Centennial of the Russian October Revolution, and the 18th Anniversary of the great Marxist teacher Karl Marx, in 2019-XNUMX with revolutionary enthusiasm. In certain areas, study topics were selected and political education was provided at all levels, based on the curriculum published by the Central Committee for the political education of party cadres in XNUMX, taking into account the concrete conditions in the relevant areas. In addition to the work, we also received Bolshevikization and field training in some regions. In other areas we fought against non-proletarian tendencies within the party and the HKGO.
Due to its mass base in the military, various guerrilla zones and red resistance areas, the HKGO forces conducted Tactical Counterattack Campaigns and retaliation programs under the leadership of the party and countered the 'SAMADHAN'-Prahar offensive. In the eastern region, resistance was launched under the name of 'GHAMASAN'. The TCOC and its retaliatory campaigns have been successful in a few places, and partially successful in others. In some places they have failed.
HKGO carried out a total of 2020 guerrilla actions in 99. The ambush at Vimpa was a massive ambush. In this ambush, HKGO eliminated four soldiers of the Indian Army who were secretly deployed under the guise of Police, Para-military and commando forces, apart from a few of these forces. This is a new and higher experience. From December 2020 to September 2021, HKGO carried out 350 guerrilla actions across the country. Police destroyed 66 personnel from para-military and commando forces and injured 85. He captured 15 modern weapons, thousands of ammunition and other combat equipment from the enemy forces. The ambush in Jeeragudem and Kadiyanar are big actions and the rest are of small to medium type. HKGO forces responded to police, paramilitary and commando forces in more than 65 clashes during this period.
Particular mention should be made of the political and military significance of the Jeeragudem ambush. The HKGO divided the enemy forces in Battalion number (over 750), eliminating one platoon (28) and wounding 31 people in another platoon. The ambush offered stiff resistance to the Prahar decisive offensive, which continued from October 2020 to June 2021. The enemy could temporarily halt his plan. The revolutionary people instilled confidence between the party and the HKGO that we can defeat the 'SAMADHAN'-Prahar offensive. If this Maoist style of struggle is implemented in all guerrilla bases and areas of red resistance, we can defeat the 'SAMADHAN' attack.
HKGO forces survived heavy drone attacks by police, para-military, commandos and Army and Air Forces on PLGA camps in the fighting area in Dandakaranya at midnight on 14 and 15 April 2022 by applying defensive tactics. Widespread protests against drone attacks were held in the country and around the world.
In 2022, in retaliation for the enemy's 'SAMADHAN'-Prahar offensive, TCOC and TCOC eliminated four Jharkhand Jaguars and injured several more in retaliatory actions in Bihar-Jharkhand, East Bihar-North East Jharkhand Special Areas.
In the Andhra-Odisha Border area, the HKGO injured four policemen during the enemy's persistent sweeps and attacks.
In the past year, HKGO forces eliminated 14 para-military, commandos and special police in the guerrilla actions carried out in various guerrilla zones. He wounded 54 para-military, commandos and special police, and seized 7 AK-47 rifles and ammunition from them.
In some areas of struggle, the people's militias independently engaged in guerrilla actions and seized weapons from the enemy.
To defeat the counter-revolutionary 'SAMADHAN'-Prahar offensive, the HKGO forces used deliberate ambushes, ambushes, sniper actions, booby traps, remote actions, acts of sabotage, capture of enemy materials, elimination of informants, elimination of counter-revolutionaries, elimination of enemies of the people. abolition, attacked police camps with bombardment/grenades and other tactics in TCOC and carried out acts of retaliation. HKGO's guerrilla warfare played an important role in the protection of guerrilla bases and DHKs.
We provided political and military training to the HKGO forces. We celebrated HKGO's 20th Anniversary year-round from December 2, 2020 to December 2, 2021.
By coordinating people's struggles and people's wars, we could [and were] able to temporarily halt mining, industrial projects, mega dams and tourist centers.
In some areas of struggle, we included young people in HKGO in the participation campaign. We continue these campaigns every year. As for the United Front, Representative Election Meetings and Conferences of Revolutionary mass organizations at various levels were held as part of the consolidation of Mass Organizations and DHKs. New leadership committees were elected. Every year, under the leadership of the Party, HKGO and Mass Organizations, 26 January, 15 August, 10 February Great Bhoomkal Struggle Day, 8 March International Working Women's Day, 23 March Anti-Imperialist Day, 1 May, 28 July - 3 August Martyrs' Week, 21- It celebrates revolutionary days and protest days such as September 27 Foundation Anniversary Week, November 7 Russian October Revolution Day, December 2-8 Foundation Day of the HKGO. On March 23, the anti-imperialist day, we held meetings and programs commemorating the martyrdoms of Comrades Bhagatsingh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, opposing the Russian attack on Ukraine and the war frenzy of the US, EU and NATO, and greeting the New People's Army of the Philippines on its 53rd Anniversary. . We oppose the Brahmanic Hindutva Fascist forces penetrating the areas of struggle through popular struggles, reprisals and guerrilla actions. We run propaganda and retaliation programs against attacks and massacres against Dalit and tribal peoples. Various struggles against Brahmanic Hindutva Fascism continue in various forms throughout the country, from the local to the central level.
Anti-imperialist, anti-comprador bureaucratic capitalist, anti-feudal class struggles are expanding and intensifying in all areas of action. In recent years, people have been fighting militantly against new police camps in the Bijapur, Dantewada, Sukma, Narayanpur and Kanker districts of Dandakaranya. The struggle, which has been going on for 15 months, especially against the Silinger police camp in the Bijapur region, attracts the attention of the people, especially the indigenous people of the country and the world. In the Andhra-Odisha Border Special Region, the people, under the leadership of village committees, occupy the coffee plantations and then plant them. In Telangana, the people are driven by the government's 'Maritharam' plan that removes the tribal people from Telangana, the anti-popular policies that drive the tribal people out of their pod (a traditional breeding system used by tribes in India) from their lands, and the tribal people's reduced importance in business in tribal areas. It is fighting against Government Order No. (GO). The HKGO forces mobilized the population on a large scale to block mining and infrastructure projects necessary for mining in Surjagarh, Amdai and other hills, and destroyed million rupees worth of comprador bureaucratic capitalists and government properties.
Recent successes: After successive setbacks, the Maoist movement is once again firmly on the rise. Countless mining projects have been halted by the Maoists over the past few years, the HKGO has successfully resisted Operation Green Hunt and illegal drone attacks, and is retaking lost areas as well as entering new areas.
Thousands of people carried out militant actions with traditional weapons such as axes, knives, sickles, bows and arrows against the planned police camps in Tesaphooli, Parvatpur, Dholkatta, Banpura and Pandedih in the Tarayi region of the Parasnath mountain range in Jharkhand. They destroyed police vehicles. They burned them. Tribal peasant struggles continue in Dandakaranya, Jharkhand, AOB and Odisha against camps, roads and vents, police persecution, ambushes, massacres, persecution of women and displacement by police, para-military and commando forces. Hundreds of thousands of people are participating in these struggles. We called for a campaign to protect the health of the peoples against the corona pandemic and combined it with the anti-imperialist, anti-comprador bureaucratic capitalist, anti-feudal class struggle. Our team of doctors served the public with treatment. We discussed the people's struggles with demands such as free vaccination, treatment, free food and job opportunities for those who lost their livelihoods.
We take this opportunity to convey our revolutionary greetings and revolutionary thanks to ICSPWI and various revolutionary parties that have been carrying out solidarity movements in support of the People's War in India for the last year and a half internationally. You know that the International Day of Action was held at the call of ICSPWI against the counter-revolutionary, strategic 'SAMADHAN' attack and the Prahar attack. On the initiative of the International Communist Movement, extensive propaganda and agitation activities were carried out on February 10, March 23 and September 13.
One of the achievements of the party is the enlightenment of women who are half of the sky and the development of their activities in the political, organizational, military, cultural and other fields. Currently, there are close to 50 percent women in HKGO in almost all fields.
The party attached great importance to developing areas of revolutionary, democratic culture. It has helped the development of revolutionary and democratic values among oppressed classes, oppressed social segments and oppressed nationalities in these areas.
Another important issue is the struggles of political prisoners in prisons and the development of ordinary prisoners' struggles with their support.
In general, we see that efforts to spread-intensify the class struggle-guerrilla warfare (People's War) throughout the country continue. Efforts to organize the party, the HKGO and the United Front continue. We gain new experiences politically, organizationally, militarily and technically. The combination of positive experiences in this effort will undoubtedly help defeat the counter-revolutionary 'SAMADHAN'-Prahar offensive and advance the Indian Revolutionary movement.
However, there are negative factors and difficulties created by the enemy. Maintaining success is an important factor. We are aware that there will be more difficulties, tests and losses in the future. However, we will learn from our mistakes, develop our subjective strength and effectiveness, attract most of the people, friendly forces and organizations to our side, adopt tactics that will educate the party and the people, develop the understanding and culture of not regretting losses and rejoicing in successes, based on the achievements and victories achieved so far. We will take advantage of these experiences, use the current revolutionary conditions, and certainly move forward from the current situation of the movement. An optimistic outlook and confidence are therefore necessary for the success of the Indian People's War.
Q – A group of people persecuted by the former Indian state are also queer communities such as lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender people. What is the stance of the CPI (Maoist) on the LGBT rights movement in India and the persecution of the fascist state of India against LGBT individuals?
A – Our party also understands and analyzes the LGBT issue with a Marxist (MLM) approach. The true liberation of the LGBT community from gender oppression and discrimination is achieved only through continuous theoretical, political, social, economic, cultural and medical efforts to eliminate class oppression and create a change in people's perspective, only then can they have equal conditions of life and respect.
Our party accepts the special problems and rights of the LGBT people, just as it supports the rights struggles of the oppressed classes, private social groups and all oppressed nationalities, as well as supporting their struggle for their rights and the struggles of the exploited and oppressed by the old (reactionary) Indian state. They are born with certain physical characteristics and special (genetic) characteristics physically and spiritually and are a part of society.
We oppose the oppression and discrimination of the Indian state, which represents the capitalists and landlords and compradores the imperialists. As citizens of India we respect their right to life, their primary rights equal to all citizens and their right to have all rights including special/private rights related to the concrete issue.
The party provides them with opportunities in education, medicine, residency, employment, administration and politics in the future New Democratic Indian state. It will provide economic and social security and a healthy social and cultural atmosphere. It guarantees free medicine and brings pro-popular medical system that can provide good health care. So they can live by being recognized as they need or want, confirm their gender, and have the opportunity to have physical and mental treatments, free medicines, and a healthy, respectful, scientific life. It also educates the society to have an equal and respectful attitude towards them.
Today it supports ongoing movements for their rights. It opposes sexual violence, exploitation, oppression, discrimination and sexual opportunism against the LGBT community. The LGBT community should not be deprived of any opportunity. All facilities should be provided to them so that they can use all their strength and efficiency for society.
The Indian LGBTQ+ community is protesting for their existence and freedom and against anti-LGBTQ+ laws from the British colonial era.
At this stage, the ongoing movement for LGBT rights in India has been detached from the social reality of class struggle and is under the influence of an individual-centered, bourgeois, post-modernist ideology. The movement must overcome this. This movement should become a part of all movements working to overthrow the Indian state, which represents the semi-colonial, semi-feudal socio-economic system and is applying fascist oppression and brutal exploitation to all the oppressed classes of the country except the LGBT community. The LGBT community should also unite with all the oppressed classes against the three hostile classes of exploitation, oppression, intimidation and discrimination, namely the imperialists, the Indian comprador bureaucratic capitalist and feudal classes.
Imperialism, the ruling classes and their Indian state are using the LGBT community indiscriminately to immobilize society. They promote the porn industry as part of monetizing discrimination against the LGBT community, their poverty and unemployment. They promote sexual anarchy among the public, especially young people. Our party strongly opposes this. The New Democratic State of India will ban the porn industry.
Regarding LGBT- The Party opposes the attitude of a person to lead a normal life by identifying as female or male or something else (third gender), while maintaining an unnatural relationship and anarchic physical intercourse with many people, and discourages. When the individuals involved lack scientific understanding of their inherent genetic excesses and gender-related physical characteristics, attitudes towards such issues and (LGBT) individuals will become unnatural, suspicious, disrespectful and shameful.
In such cases, the persons concerned are exposed to discrimination not only by the society but also by their families and relatives. Then they will be pushed to live as a separate community. The socialist state provides scientific understanding to all members of society. He develops a mundane understanding to accept this as something natural.
A section is drawn towards unnatural physical relationships under the influence of the distorted culture promoted by imperialism, sexual anarchy, pornography, literature and cinema, and so on. The socialist state works to establish healthy, mutually respectful human relations in society by destroying capitalist imperialism, outdated rotten culture, and by spreading democratic, socialist culture.
Q – Finally, I would like to ask you about the situation of revolutionary political prisoners in India. Can you tell our readers more about this situation?
C – State popular movements, ongoing revolutionary movement, anti-displacement movements, workers and farmers movements, student and youth movements, public employees, oppressed social segments, fishermen, unemployed, tribal and religious minority peoples, human rights struggles, women, disabled people, The methods and ways it adopts to suppress retirees and prisoners are multifaceted. Two of these are important. The first is to eliminate the popular leadership and activists who are struggling with brutal and fascist methods using the armed forces. The second is to illegally arrest and imprison them.
Armed forces, courts, prisons and the constitution that laid the groundwork for them are important and vital elements that consolidate and protect the authority of the outdated exploiting ruling classes, and unleash continuous exploitation, oppression and anti-popular policies. It is a normal feature of class society to eliminate those who oppose the state, to arrest and imprison them, to punish them through the courts, to isolate them from the life of the people, to destroy their power and activity.
The situation of revolutionary political prisoners in India is getting worse day by day. For a long time, the Indian state has been very inhuman and cruel towards all democratic movements, struggling organizations and revolutionary political prisoners, especially since the beginning of the rule of the Brahmanist Hindutva Fascist BJP. Apart from these, religious minorities, activists of Dalit movements, human rights activists, revolutionary, progressive, democratic, secular students-youth, teachers, patriots, intellectuals, poets, artists, writers, lawyers, journalists, scientists, various social activists, workers and farmers. It has a hostile attitude towards activists of its organizations, anti-displacement movements and movements of nationalities such as Kashmir, Naga, Manipur, Asom and Bodo. The state follows various illegal methods to suppress anyone who questions the anti-popular, anti-country, treacherous policies of governments representing the reactionary exploiting ruling classes, and puts them behind bars when this is not possible. It grossly violates, fascinates and saffrons its own Constitution. It handles cases, conspiracy cases indiscriminately, and makes arrests. Maoist prisoners in West Bengal and Kerala prisons fought for the right to be recognized as political prisoners, and they succeeded. But India's comprador ruling class did not recognize the political prisoners rotting in prisons across the country. This is because of their repressive policies.
Imprisoning questioning voices and dissidents behind bars is nothing new for the old Indian state. He inherited this legacy from the British. The Indian state discriminates against caste, class and gender not only socially, economically and politically, but also constitutionally. This situation continues in central and all state governments. It is also applied against political prisoners.
The world is aware that the Modi government in the center imprisoned the leaders and activists of the mainstream political parties and local parties in Kashmir, and subsequently revoked the special autonomy granted to Kashmir. Modi has been implementing more fascism and a state of emergency for the last 9 years than in the era of Indira Gandhi. Thousands of Muslim and Dalit people are behind bars.
To carry out constant checks by using cruel intelligence agencies such as the fascist UAPA and the NIA; placing illegal equipment in homes and creating false documents proving their seizure; It has become a normal feature to shove suitable software like Pegasus into external computers to run conspiracy cases and replace the UAPA with more draconian regulations.
You know that a team of IT experts from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) uncovered this situation in the Bhima-Koregaon case.
It is this state that deprived 85-year-old Father Stan Swamy, a tribal rights activist in the Bhima-Koregaon case, of minimal medical facilities and by not giving him a straw even though he was unable to drink water. Apart from strict conditions such as conditional bail or house arrest, the seriously ill and elderly revolutionary poet Varvara Rao and social activist Sudha Bharadwaj have been left to languish in prison for almost four years. Comrade Saibaba, who is a 90 percent disabled English lecturer at Delhi University's Ramlal Anand College, is not provided with minimum facilities such as a wheelchair.
Comrade Narmada, 61, a member of our Party's Dandakaranya Special District Committee Secretariat and the leader of the Dandakaranya women's movement, was arrested in 2019 while undergoing treatment for high-stage cancer. He was put in Mumbai prison and denied treatment. She finally had to await her death in a nursing home. His wife, Comrade Kiran, was also in the city prison, but was not allowed to meet him in his last minutes. Although the court allowed it, the prison authorities deliberately allowed him to see her only after his death.
Comrade Narmada, the leader of the Dandakaranya Women's Movement and a member of the Dandakaranya Party Secretariat, was martyred by the cruel fascist state on April 9, 2022.
Comrade Barun, Comrade Tapas, Comrade Vijay, Comrade Chintan, senior members of the CC, were martyred shortly after their release, as they were deprived of appropriate opportunities during their long imprisonment. MK members Sumit (Amitab Bagchi) and comrades Asutosh have been imprisoned for over ten years. Comrade Kishanda, 76, a member of the Politburo, from the Naxalbari generation, suffers from 5 types of chronic diseases. He is denied proper treatment and they want to kill him in prison. Comrade Sheela was also arrested and imprisoned on conspiratorial cases, as she went to treatment for four types of chronic diseases. Western Ghats Special District Committee Secretary Comrade Vijay (BG Krishnamurty), senior citizen, MKM Comrade Kanchan (Arun Kumar Bhattacharya), MKM Comrade Jaspal (Vijay Kumar Arya) are facing imprisonment and torture. Comrade Kanchanda, 71, suffers from various chronic diseases but is denied treatment. All comrades are flying the Red Flag in prisons.
Thousands of party leaders, cadres and comrades of local organizations at various levels have long been put on trial in prison. They were sentenced to long sentences, life sentences and death sentences by creating false evidence against them. In the Sinari case in Bihar, 10 comrades were sentenced to death and three to life imprisonment by the Jehanabad district court. The appeal petition regarding the execution of four comrades in the Bara case has been pending in the Presidency for the last two years. Finally, the President ordered that they should remain in prison as long as they lived. The Munger district court sentenced five tribal farmer activists to death. In Jharkhand, Comrade Praveer, member of the East Bihar-North East Jharkhand Special District Committee, was sentenced to death by the Dumka district court. All this is a continuation of the illegal and conspiratorial hanging of revolutionary peasant guerrilla activists Bhoomayya and Kishtagoud during the state of emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi. This is a continuation of the hanging of warriors like Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev by the British colonists a few decades after that.
The police indiscriminately arrest children, the elderly, women, pregnant women and patients in our areas of struggle and make them look like they have surrendered. Those who do not surrender are killed in ambushes. Many of them are falsely prosecuted and jailed. They spend years in prison without trial and live in a pathetic state. In prisons, they are deprived of all kinds of medical assistance. The conditions are inhumane. The inhumane conditions are traumatic. All this leads to the death of several people. Such incidents are not reported to their families.
Courts are forced to release many people after years of investigations, after failing to obtain false evidence. Families of those who have been imprisoned for a long time experience economic problems. Family members are depressed and some of them are mentally ill. Children's lives have been turned upside down. Some families are broken up.
This is a new example. Police and para-military forces went on a search operation to Burkapal village of South Bastar division of Dandakaranya when the HKGO ambushed them. 25 CRPF personnel were killed and 31 injured. HKGO captured 24 automatic weapons from them. Later, police and para-military forces attacked the villages surrounding Burkapal and arrested 122 tribal farmers. They were prosecuted on false charges and imprisoned. One of them fell seriously ill and breathed his last in prison. 121 people, including a woman, were found not guilty and released after 5 years and 3 months by the local court. The extent of the indiscriminate filing of false cases is evident from the absence of even false evidence. Television channels revealed the pitiful condition of 122 families. The central and state governments arrested hundreds of farmers during years of historic peasant struggle. Many are still in prison, although governments have agreed to release them in a deal with Samyukta Kisan Morcha.
The condition of Indian prisons is very deplorable. Prisoners and detainees on trial face many difficulties. Prison regulations are very old. This is a copy of the prison regulations drawn up by the British in 1894. The Hindutva fascist Modi government has been bureaucratically struggling to translate it into legal forms. In the meantime, even according to the prison regulations, the necessary facilities are not provided to the detainees and convicts. Prisons are filled with more prisoners than in the British era. For example, while the capacity of Chhattisgarh prisons is 6070, there are more than 16.000 inmates. Prisoners are given low-quality rice, oil, pulses and vegetables, which do not meet the quota. Food is normally rotten. Soaps, pastes, clothes and underwear are insufficient. Many prisoners do not have the opportunity to obtain these from their families. The lives of poor prisoners are much more miserable. They are employed in heavy labor for small daily wages. Female prisoners are much more miserable. There is a patriarchal pressure. CC TV cameras have become a normal feature in all prisons for protection. Female prisoners lack privacy. Since the rule of BJP and Sangh Parivar, non-vegetarian food, eggs and other nutritious foods are not provided. Prison authorities engage in unlimited corruption and cruelty. Voucher system continues in Bihar, Jharkhand and other prisons. In tribal areas, prisoners are given soup without breakfast tea. With the help of officers, corpses are also traded in prisons. The rich, political leaders and mafias get all kinds of opportunities and luxuries in prisons.
Cases are protracted for years and sometimes even decades without being brought to court on the grounds of the absence of an attendant. The police mechanism arrests people, activists of the movement, leaders and activists of the people's movement and leaders and activists of our party, and opens numerous false cases. The trial is getting longer. Although a few people are prosecuted, those who are found not guilty and released are re-arrested at the prison gate, new cases are opened and imprisoned. Comrade Madkam Gopanna, member of the Dandakaranya Special District Committee, has been in prison for the past 15 years. He was arrested twice near the prison gate and once again sent to jail. Normally bail is not granted in the courts of many states such as Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bung and Asom. The trial must be completed and they must be found not guilty and released. There is no other way around this. When there are many cases under many divisions, not all penalties are applied simultaneously (simultaneously). Penalties are handled one by one. This situation is beyond the situation of the British colonialists. Strong action is needed to register all cases against defendants within four months of arrest and to implement the practice of unification.
Currently, the judiciary is being fascised day by day under the rule of the Brahmanic Hindutva BJP government. The Supreme Court gave the clean grade to Modi and Amit Shah, adjudicating Zakia Jafri's petition regarding the massacre of Muslims by Hindutva forces in Gujarat. Social activist Teesta Seetalvad was arrested the same day. Gandhian social activist Himanshu Kumar petitioned for justice to be provided to the families of 2009 tribesmen who were murdered in Gompad-Singaram by armed police forces in Dandakaranya in 16. He was found guilty for wasting the court's time and was sentenced to 5 rupees or two years' hard imprisonment. The whole world was shocked and raised its voice against this attitude. The high court indirectly said that the courts should not be prosecuted and that if a lawsuit is filed, it will be prosecuted.
Varsha Dongre, deputy warden of the Central Prison in Raipur (capital of Chhattisgarh), was suspended from duty for a Facebook post exposing the police's inhumane treatment of tribal prisoners.
Sukma district additional magistrate Prabhakar Gwal was suspended in 2016 and later dismissed after he refused to send hundreds of tribal members to jail. He said that this is not possible unless identity documents such as Aadhar card are presented.
An important point needs to be brought to your attention in this regard. Comrades in prison are constantly fighting against inhuman conditions and for their just demands. They temporarily achieve somewhat better results. The leaders and activists of our party organize ordinary prisoners in prisons and fight for their rights. They hold revolutionary days and protest days in prisons. They turn prisons into centers of class struggle, study and education. They resolutely and courageously oppose intense oppression, torture and persecution and continue their political efforts.
Women political prisoners are at the forefront of the struggles of their prison comrades. We bring to your attention a small example. Under the leadership of our party's female activists, the struggle of female prisoners in Jagadalpur Central prison in Chhattisgarh in 2013 was a glorious victory. The struggle has achieved rights such as detainees being taken to every court adjournment, providing emergency medical treatment to patients, accompanying them in the hospital, separate independent kitchens for female prisoners, and daily wages for female prisoners on kitchen duty.
On the other hand, in prisons, comrades organize different democratic forces to support their struggle, thus waging solidarity struggles outside the prison and arranging legal aid (legal aid) for their release. For this purpose, they try to do their best. In any case, we need to organize lawyers, democrats and rights activists to the extent necessary to work in this direction.
On the occasion of the martyrdom of Comrade Jatin Das, the revolutionary hero who went on an indefinite hunger strike for 64 days for the rights of the prisoners against British imperialism, on September 13, the party mobilized the revolutionary people to support the struggles of the comrades in prison. Intellectuals and democrats celebrated the day. He organized numerous meetings, supported as much as possible, held rallies, meetings and seminars to meet with the families of imprisoned comrades. He made an effort to provide legal aid through lawyers. He created and expanded committees, organizations, and legal aid committees for the release of political prisoners.
On the other hand, our comrades in prison are doing their best to escape from prison. Escape from Jehanabad prison, escape from Dantewada prison, guerrilla action in Lakhisarai court, escape from Chaibasa prison-1, 2, escape from 6 revolutionary children from Rourkela prison, guerrilla action in the escort vehicle of Giridih prisoners, escape of 9 members of the revolutionary children's organization from Dantewada reformatory are a few examples. The escape from Jehanabad prison and the attack on the Giridih escort vehicle are examples of actions that took place with the outside support of the party. Another example is the liberation of a PBM brought to the Lakhisarai court by the police escort. However, various attempts for the liberation and rights of comrades continue, albeit to a lesser extent, due to the intense attack of the enemy, the limitations and weaknesses of the urban and democratic movements. Our party, our movement and our people have a heroic revolutionary tradition of escaping from prison. During Naxalbari there were prison breakouts where comrades were martyred. He and another SCM were released from the police when the AP SC secretary was brought to the hospital in Kondapalli Visakha prison. Four comrades, including AP SC secretary Shyam, escaped from Adilabad prison in 1987 with three Rifles. However, in the current conditions of heavy oppression and bureaucratic administration in the country and in prisons, we need to intensify initiatives from both inside and outside.
This year, with the initiative and special effort of ICSPWI, between 13-19 September 2022, the release of Indian political prisoners, support them and stop the joint heavy drone attacks against our action areas by the BJP government led by Modi and the Congress government led by Bhupesh Baghel in Chhattisgarh. An action week will be held for The Central Committee of our Party appreciated the call of ICSPWI and called for it to be successful.
There is a strong need to build and strengthen a worldwide militant, organized solidarity movement for political prisoners, with demands for the unconditional release of political prisoners in all countries such as the Philippines, Turkey, Peru, Galicia, Afghanistan, and in all countries of the revolutionary movement, including India. Political prisoner status should be given to everyone arrested and imprisoned as part of social and political struggles; end the violation of the rights of prisoners, especially political prisoners and female prisoners, and the persecution and oppression of them; prison regulations should be reformed and conditions in prison should be improved accordingly. Our party hopes that the efforts of ICSPWI will move in this direction. He declares that he will make efforts in this regard in India and believes that the movement will develop gradually.
Revolutionary graffiti against counter-revolutionary operations and in solidarity with the Indian Revolution, Essen, Germany, 2021.