“Class struggle is by no means over. The class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, the class struggle between the various political forces, and the class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie in the ideological field will still be protracted and tortuous and at times even very sharp. The proletariat seeks to transform the world according to its own world outlook, and so does the bourgeoisie. In this respect, the question of which will win out, socialism or capitalism, is not really settled yet.” (Mao Zedung, On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People)


When the effect of the October Revolution reached China, Marxism Leninism was unified with the revolutionary movement and the Communist Party of China, which was established in 1921 as the organized vanguard of Chinese proletariat. CPC announced the establishment of the Democratic People’s Republic on 1st of October 1949, 28 years after its foundation.

The victory of China was the conclusion of the successful combination of “the universal truth” of Marxism-Leninism and “concrete practice” of the Chinese Revolution. The Chinese People’s Democratic Revolution was a part of the march of humanity for “a society without classes, exploitation and borders” which began with the Paris Commune and became concrete with the October Revolution, and it was a component of the proletarian socialist world revolution. Thus, the Revolution of China played a crucial role in accelerating the revival of the proletariat and the oppressed peoples, particularly oppressed and colonised peoples of east, and in the birth of its revolutionary action.

Chairman Mao, who had successfully analysed the experiences of both Chinese Revolution and International Communist Movement; developed Marxism-Leninism to a new stage, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism so that the basic topics such as regression to capitalism which could not be understood thoroughly in Marx-Lenin era, the path to revolution, transition to socialism in colonial, semi-colonial and semi-feudal countries was resolved.

Chairman Mao did not only put to “practice” the revolutionary principles of Lenin and Stalin in colonial, semi-colonial and semi-feudal countries in the revolution of China, but also shed light on the class struggle in the revolution of China by improving those principles with new theses and ideas for the new conditions of the class struggle.

Chairman Mao, who played a role of great importance on the victory of Chinese Revolution also played a historical role on maintaining the revolution. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution has become a signal flare for “new types of revolutions” which stand against “capitalist-roaders” who would like to restore capitalism. This revolution brought the International Communist movement “the theory of maintaining the revolution under proletarian dictatorship” as it also helped to understand and explain the reasons of “regressions in socialist countries”.

However, although Chinese communists under the leadership of the Chairman Mao generated values of great importance in their struggle against “capitalist-roaders” –revisionists- and learn from them, they could not have institutionalized gains. “The capitalist-roaders” who stole the power right after the death of Mao, under the leadership of Deng Xiao Ping, started constructing a capitalist system under the mask of “socialism specific to China”. Revisionists who had captured the power, built capitalism in China and converted it to an imperialist state with a “communist mask”. All the gains on behalf of the working class and the people with the occurrence and maintenance of Chine Revolution under the leadership of the Chairman Mao has been taken away piece by piece in the last forty years.

China in the 70th anniversary of the Chinese Revolution has become one of the greatest imperialist countries. China is now in competition with other imperialist powers; especially with the USA. The competition and arm race between imperialist powers and especially under the economic crisis of imperialist-capitalist system continue constantly. Millions of people all around the world suffering from lack of power, starvation and poverty, as a direct result of imperialist-capitalist system, are facing with problems like destruction of the nature and environment, climate change, local and regional wars, refugees and migrants. etc. Imperialism and capitalism is dragging humanity to disaster. Therefore, ideas and facts which inspired the victory and maintenance of Chinese Revolution are even more relevant to the contemporary conditions.

It is nothing but the revolutionist fight in the leadership of proletariat which will extract the salvation of the people of the world from big deadlock and worldwide crisis of the imperialist-capitalist system. Today, it has became even more important to advance People’s War in the path of Chinese Revolution in its 70th anniversary and prove the thesis of Mao, which asserts that “imperialism is a paper tiger”.


Glory to Chinese Revolution on its 70th Anniversary!

Long Live People’s War!

Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!

Long Live Proletarian Internationalism!


TKP-ML International Bureau

October 2019