The Constitution of Communist Party of Turkey Marxist-Leninist
(Founded: 24 April 1972)
a) Membership Conditions
While the class origin is given priority to workers and peasants, any person who meets the following conditions can become a member of TKP-ML. TKP-ML applies affirmative action towards toiling women in recruitment.
1- Adopt the party program and statute.
2- Working on a party committee.
3- Pay the Party dues regularly.
4- Fullfilled 18 years of age.
b) Membership Procedures
Membership in the Party is on an individual basis. The person who wishes to become a member shall notify the party committee to which he / she has a relationship in writing.
The application for membership; is finalized by the approval of the decision of acceptance or rejection of the party committee of at least three party members in a higher committee.
The person whose application for membership is accepted by the authorized committees is considered as a Candidate Member from the date of application. In cases where the related party committee proposes and accepts the person to apply for membership, the candidate membership starts from that date. The relevant Party committee is directly responsible for the development of the candidate member, preparation for membership, and their strict implementation.
At the end of the six-month candidate membership period, the party committee to which the person is affiliated shall make the decision of acceptance, rejection and extension of the candidate membership period for 6 months. The decision of the party committee must be approved by the CC. In case of rejection, if the party does not contain any objection in terms of security, the reason is notified to the person in writing.
After the congress decision is taken, the acceptance and dismissal of the membership process is stopped. Candidate memberships and new applications in this process are evaluated at or after the congress.
c) Duties of the Member
1- Continuously raise the ideological-political level in order to develop itself; to this end, give importance to reading, examining and research activities. To comprehend and apply Marxism-Leninism-Maoism as a guide for action. Combining theory and practice.
2- To examine all the publications of the Party with a careful and critical eye; to be aware of the policies and tactics of the leadership in line with the central orientation of the party.
3- To be vigilant, determined and relentless in any factional work aimed at disrupting the unity and communist character of the Party; and in the struggle against all anti-Marxism-Leninism-Maoism ideas and movements. Not to be discouraged even in conditions of minority, to have the courage to fight against the current.
4- To unconditionally comply with party discipline, to play a compelling, creative and active role in the implementation of party decisions. To unconditionally accept the duties of the Party.
5- To become a teacher to the people, first to be a student of them. To apply the principle of public service in every aspect of its life. To participate in the self-evolving struggles of the people to try to organize and to take the lead in order to give a conscious direction. Trying to solve the difficulties together with the people and making effort to teach them the politics of the party struggle and the laws of the class struggle.
6- To put the cause of the people’s liberation, the struggle of the proletariat to reach classless society and the Communist Party, which pioneered these ideals, above all. To have a consistent, humble, selfless and exemplary personality in its life, social relations and behaviors. Living in accordance with communist principles and revolutionary values.
7- To fight against the patriarchal system and to raise public awareness. To actively fight against gender discrimination and gender roles within the party and popular masses.
8- To be sincere and honest to the Party, to its comrades, to the people and to itself. To be open, determined and courageous in criticism and self-criticism about not repeating mistakes, overcoming deficiencies and overcoming weaknesses. Using the weapon of criticism within the Party and use it constructive.
9- Paying 10 percent of its income as a party fee, working hard to maintain and improve the party’s financial means. To record all expenses and submit them regularly to the committee to which it is affiliated.
10- To report regularly about all its work to the committee to which it is affiliated.
11- To carry out the class struggle under the conditions of captivity, to make torture prisons, prisons and courts a place of communist resistance and propaganda places.
12- Adhering strictly to the rules of confidentiality / illegality in their organizational work, and carefully protecting party secrets and values.
13- To fulfill the duties of proletarian internationalism, to fight against the oppression, chauvinism and all kinds of nationalism against the oppressed nations and nationalities.
d) Member’s Rights
1- To express opinions on the party’s politics and activity, to make suggestions and criticisms, and to actively participate in the determination of party politics in the party committees and party meetings that it is a member of.
2- Elect and being elected.
3- Defending it self in cases where it is accused and tried.
4- To consult in writing with all the upper echelons up to the CC about the problems that it cannot solve in the party committee of which it is a member.
5- Leave the party membership for reasons provided that stated in writing or orally.
e) Rights and Duties of the Candidate Member
Party candidate members; has all the rights granted to party members except for the right to vote, to be elected, to recruit, to judge and to vote for the determination of party will. The duties of the party members also apply to the candidate members.
f) Trial and Disciplinary Punishments
1- Members and candidate members who disrupting the union, do not comply with the decisions and discipline, damaging intra-party democracy, not accepting duties, don’t participate in the meetings of the committee to which it is a member of without a valid excuse, using the authority outside the purpose of the party, do bad behaviors that lowers the party from the eye of the public, commit crimes against the people and in particular, women and children and LGBTI +, are a subject to investigation, they will be tried and punished.
2- If the person to be tried is at least two party members other than himself, the person to be tried is tried in the highest committee it is working, or else in a higher committee. Administrative measures (dismissal or freeze powers, etc.) may be taken against the persons or committees on trial.
3- In the case of accusations (sexual harassment, rape, violence, discrimination, homophobia, transphobia, etc.) related to women and LGBTI +, the KKB carries out the investigation and trial. TKP-ML accepts the principle that “women’s declaration is essential in such investigations and that the obligation to prove otherwise belongs to the man”.
4- Party committees or members may also apply to the Central Supervisory Board (CSB) with a request for a trial. The rejected claims shall be notified to the claimant in writing with the reasons.
5- The CSB may establish commissions for investigations, but the proceedings are carried out by the CSB. CC performs this duty during the periods when CSB is not created. All decisions are made by absolute majority.
6- After the investigation phase; in which information and documents are gathered and statements are taken, the proceedings begin with the requesting of the claims and the defense of the person. Defense can also be done orally. The person must submit it defense at the latest within two months after the charges are brought. If the two-month period is exceeded, the right to defense shall be deemed to have been exercised. If the person is found guilty, one of the following penalties shall be imposed considering the degree of short and long-term damages caused by the offense to the party, the sincerity of the trial person against the allegations and criticisms, the history of the party activity, the circumstances in which the offense was committed and the mitigating and aggravating consequences of other factors:
I- Warning, II- Serious Warning, III– Dismissal, IV– Candidate Membership, V– Expulsion.
Expulsion from the party is the most severe punishment.
7- The penalizing committee or member may appeal to the CSB up to the CC if it is not. The CSB decides whether the penalty will be applied until the appeal is finalized. The decisions taken by the CSB regarding the proceedings shall be effective immediately. CSB is responsible for congresses and conferences.
Principles of Organization
TKP-ML in the era of imperialism and proletarian revolution; sees internationalism as started from the basic principles of the proletariat making revolution in its own country, the Turkish revolution as a part of the world proletarian revolution. It fights to gather its members and the entire people against all forms of nationalism under the red flag of the proletariat.
It fights for the unity of the international communist movement on the basis of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist principles. It is aware that this union can be achieved through ideological struggle.
It supports national and social liberation struggles that weaken and regress imperialism in the international arena.
While adopting international proletarian solidarity, it is based on the principle of enduring its own power.
TKP-ML is based on voluntary union. It considers illegal organization as the basis and other forms of organization as secondary. It acts with proletarian discipline operating according to the principles of democratic centralism. Sees criticism and self-criticism principle as one of the most necessary conditions of its development. It adopts two lines of struggle within the party. It will not allow the existence of factions that disrupt, disintegrate the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist unity of will and action.
TKP-ML accepts gender equality unconditionally and opposes all kinds of discrimination, disdain and ignoring women and LGBTI +s within the organization. TKP-ML, which takes into account the conditions of slavery of women for millennia, adopts the principle of affirmative action in all its activities within the Party; as part of this, it implements a quota system of 30 percent in all its committees, in particular executive organs.
Starting from the fact that the principle of organization of TKP-ML is democratic centralism;
a) All central decisions are binding for the whole party. Members are obliged to implement party decisions in full even if they find it wrong.
b) The members express their opinions on all matters related to party activity in the committees and meetings they attend. Suppressing criticism within the party and blocking the way of criticism by administrative measures are incompatible with the principle of democratic centralism.
c) The only discipline applies to the party. Accordingly, individuals are subject to the party, the lower tiers to the upper tiers, the minority majority, the entire party to the CC, the CC Congress and the Conference.
d) Until the democratic popular revolution, the minimum program of the party, is realized, only CC and CSB come to work through bottom-up democratic elections, since illegal organization is essential. Other organs are formed by appointment. All members may nominate candidates for the selection of CC and CSB and may open discussions by appealing to the nominated candidates.
e) All committees regularly report to the higher committee about their activities. Reports, including appeals and opinions, must be approved by all members of the committee.
f) All executive committees of the party shall account to the lower levels.
g) All party committees are obliged to create a democratic discussion environment in which members can present their criticism and suggestions.
Fundament Bodies of the Party
Party committees are organized according to the cell system and the main organs of the party in the masses are committees. Party committees are the collective working bodies of the members in order to achieve their duties and organize the struggle for revolution. They are responsible for arming the MLM ideology through regular education and training themselves to apply communist theory to all areas of life.
The committees are composed of at least three members or candidate members. Party committees, led by member and candidate members, are organized in accordance with the cell system.
Each party committee has one secretary and one assistant secretary. The secretary of the committee is primarily responsible for all the work carried out and provides contact with the upper committee. The assistant secretary takes over the duties of the committee secretary in cases where it is blocked or absent. The committee secretary is obliged to prepare it assistant for this duty.
Party committees enable the party to take root in masses and to lead the masses.
Party committees are formed in villages, factories, schools, fascist state institutions, within the body of all mass organizations, particularly workers ‘and peasants’ organizations, in short, everywhere the masses are located.
Establish special task cells based on party needs.
The leading organs of the Party are; the Party Congress, the Party Conference, the Central Committee and the Regional Committees. 30% women’s quota is applied in all leading organs of the party.
The party congress is the highest organ of the party. Congress has the authority to change the party program and statutes, determine the periodical policies and tactics of the party, to solve the ideological, political, military and organizational problems of the party, to evaluate the CC activity report, and to elect the CC members and substitute members.
The conference has the authority of the congress on matters other than changing the program.
The party congress (in the absence of the congress, party conference) convenes every three years.
Congress convenes under the leadership of the CC, provided that it is not less than the absolute majority of the delegates. In exceptional circumstances, the CC may postpone the congress for a maximum of one year, with the consent of the party’s will.
The Extraordinary Party Congress or Conference may be convened before the expiration of the ordinary three-year period, with the will of one-third of the CC or its party members, with a preparation not exceeding six months.
The congress is held by delegate procedure. The number of members of a delegate shall be determined by the CC. Delegates are elected at sub-regional congresses or conferences. All party members are obliged to attend the sub-congresses.
CC members who cannot be elected as delegates will attend the congress as natural delegates. Only elected delegates have the right to vote. Decisions for program and statute amendments are made by two-thirds of the total number of delegates, and other decisions by an absolute majority of the total number of delegates.
Although the members who are in prisons do not have the right to elect delegates during the congress preparation period, they have the right to express their opinions on the agenda items.
Prisoner party members may be elected as honorary members of the CC.
This position of the blocked CC member is suspended during the period of captivity.
b) Central Committee
CC is the party’s highest organ between two congresses or conferences. The number of members is determined by the congress and conference. There is no requirement to become a delegate or participate in congresses or conferences for the membership of the CC. In the light of congress and conference decisions, the CC leads the party’s ideological-political-organizational work and manages the party. It is primarily responsible for the organization of the party and all activities.
In order to carry out the party activities, the CC establishes the necessary organizations, mainly the Political Bureau (PB) and the Organization Bureau (OB). The PB, is authorized on behalf of CC during the period between meetings. It governs the party ideologically-politically. PB, cannot change CC decisions. It directly leads the Central Publication Organ and other publication activities. It publishes the Communist, the internal organ of the party, at least twice a year.
The OB is responsible for organizational leadership on behalf of the CC.
When the CC is unable to establish a commission to manage its affiliated organizations, it appoints one of the CC members.
CC meets at least once a year. It may also hold an extraordinary meeting at the request of the PB or at the request of one third of its members. The quorum is determined according to the absolute majority of the members of the organ. The participation of the non-voting substitute members is determined by the PB by taking the opinions of the other CC members. Although the substitute members of the CC are not obliged to participate, it take care to ensure their participation as they are candidates for governing the party. If the CC cannot exceed the loss of will despite the succession of all alternate members, one-third of the number of full members may be included from the sub-organs. In the event that the problem of will cannot be overcome or reoccurs, then the party will is used for the solution method. When the condition of re-participation of the blocked principal after the succession of the substitute members after the blockage in the CC membership, the member resumes its position as CC member; in this case, the substitute member who becomes the principal member shall continue to serve as substitute member.
c) Regional Committees
The central organization of the party is based on the regional system. Working areas; are divided into certain regions considering economic, political and geographical conditions. In designated regions, the Regional Committee (RC) is established under the CC. The CC has to take into account the opinions and suggestions of the sub-party committees when selecting members of the RC that it has established through appointment. The Regional Committee secretary, who is also a member of the CC, provides the link between the RC and the CC. The secretary is primarily responsible for the work in the region. The RC leads the region in line with the central politics.
Within the CC’s knowledge and approval, the RC establishes party committees such as Sub-Regional Committees and Provincial Committees.
When the Regional Committees deem it necessary, with the approval of the CC, it organizes regional conferences as a means of operating the democratic advisory mechanism in order to grasp the problems of the party’s policies.
Workers and Peasants’ Liberation Army of Turkey
TIKKO is the armed force of the people under the leadership of TKP-ML. The Party manages TIKKO through the Military Commission (MC) affiliated to the CC. Party organizations are formed within TİKKO in accordance with the principle that politics should control arms.
Marxist Leninist Youth Union of Turkey
TMLGB is an autonomous communist youth organization led by TKP-ML. The Party leads the TMLGB through the Youth Commission (YC) under the CC.
Union of Communist Women
KKB is an autonomous communist women’s organization led by TKP-ML. The Party leads the KKB through the Women’s Commission (WC) affiliated to the CC. The Women’s Commission consists of women.
TKP-ML adopts the principle of enduring the people in creating income sources. The members’ dues, party taxes and donations determined by the CC and the incomes obtained from the enemy form the party’s financial resources. The CC regulates and controls all expenditures through its organizations. All party committees are required to submit regular reports on income and expenses.
Members working as party workers give all their income to the party as long as they participate in production. Party workers’ needs are met by the party.
Members who work as party workers give all their income to the party as long as they participate in production. The needs of party workers are met by the party.